Horsley, Sir Victor


Horsley, Sir Victor

▪ British surgeon
born April 14, 1857, London
died July 16, 1916, Amārah, Iraq
 British physiologist and neurosurgeon who was first to remove a spinal tumour (1887). He also made valuable studies of thyroid activity, rabies prevention, and the functions of localized areas of the brain.

      By removing the thyroid glands of monkeys, he was able to establish (1883) the gland's role in determining the body's rate of growth, development, and metabolism and to implicate thyroid malfunction as the cause of myxedema (a condition characterized by dry, waxy swelling) and cretinism. As secretary to a government commission (1886) appointed to study the effectiveness of Louis Pasteur's rabies vaccine, Horsley corroborated Pasteur's results and led the campaign to eradicate the disease in England. He developed operative techniques that made brain surgery a practical reality and, by 1890, was able to report 44 successful operations. He was knighted in 1902. He died of heatstroke while serving as field surgeon for the British Army in Mesopotamia during World War I.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HORSLEY Sir Victor — (1857 1916) (retrato [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/h/ho.htm#horsley]: cirujano inglés conocido por la operación de resección de una porción de corteza motora para suprimir movimientos atetoides y convulsivos Diccionario ilustrado de Términos… …   Diccionario médico

  • Victor Horsley — Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (* 14. April 1857 in Kensington, London; † 16. Juli 1916 in Amarah, Irak) war ein britischer Physiologe und Neurologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor Alexander Haden Horsley — Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (* 14. April 1857 in Kensington, London; † 16. Juli 1916 in Amarah, Irak) war ein britischer Physiologe und Neurologe. Leben und Wirken Horsley besuchte das University College London, wo er mit dem B. S.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Horsley — Sir Victor A.H., English surgeon, 1857–1916. See H. bone wax …   Medical dictionary

  • Victor Horsley — Infobox Medical Person name = Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley box width = image width = caption = Victor Horsley birth date = April 14, 1857 birth place = Kensington, London, England death date = death date and age|1916|07|16|1857|04|14 death… …   Wikipedia

  • Horsley-Clarke apparatus — The Horsley Clarke apparatus is a device invented in 1908 by British neurosurgeon and scientist Sir Victor A.H. Horsley and his colleague Robert H. Clarke at University College London to allow experimental and surgical intervention in deep seated …   Wikipedia

  • Horsley operation sign — Hors·ley operation, sign (horsґle) [Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley, English surgeon, 1857–1916] see under operation and sign …   Medical dictionary

  • John Callcott Horsley — (January 29, 1817 October 18, 1903), English painter, son of William Horsley, the musician, and grand nephew of Sir Augustus Callcott, was born in London.He studied painting in the Academy schools, and in 1836 exhibited The Pride of the Village… …   Wikipedia

  • Cire de Horsley — La cire de Horsley ou cire aseptique chirurgicale est utilisée en chirurgie osseuse à des fins d hémostase. Elle est composée de cire d abeille et de vaseline, actuellement présentée sous forme de stick. Elle agit de façon mécanique en bouchant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • medicine, history of — Introduction  the development of the prevention and treatment of disease from prehistoric and ancient times to the 20th century. Medicine and surgery before 1800 Primitive (primitive culture) medicine and folklore       Unwritten history is not… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.