Hopi language


Hopi language

      a North American Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken by the Hopi people of northeastern Arizona. Hopi is of particular interest because of the way in which concepts of time and space are expressed in it: in its verb forms, for example, an event at a great distance from the speaker is characterized as having occurred in the distant past; the shorter the spatial distance, the less the temporal distance is seen to be. Hopi verbs have no real tense but instead are distinguished by aspect (the length of time an event lasts), validity (whether an action is completed or ongoing, expected, or regular and predictable), and clause-linkage (giving the temporal relationship of two or more verbs). In addition, verbs can be inflected to show that an action occurs in repeated segments: e.g., ríya (“it makes a quick spin”) and riyáyata (“it is spinning”).

      In the 1930s the linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf seized on these characteristics of the verbs of the Hopi language to illustrate the “Whorfian hypothesis”: language closely governs our experience of reality. The Hopi language frames the way in which the Hopi talk about their universe. The same holds true, in Whorf 's view, for all individual languages and people.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hopi language — Hopi is a Uto Aztecan language spoken by the Hopi people (a Pueblo group) of northeastern Arizona, USA, although today some Hopi are monolingual English speakers.The use of the language gradually declined over the course of the 20th century. In… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hopi — Infobox Ethnic group group=Hopi poptime=6,946 popplace=United States (Arizona, California) rels= Traditional beliefs and Christianity langs=English, Hopi related=The Hopi are Native American people who primarily live on the 12,635 km² (2,531.773… …   Wikipedia

  • Hopi Indians — • A tribe of Pueblo Indians of Shoshonean stock Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hopi Indians     Hopi Indians     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hopi — ☆ Hopi [hō′pē ] n. [Hopi Hópitu, lit., good, peaceful ] 1. pl. Hopis or Hopi a member of a North American Indian people living in NE Arizona 2. the Uto Aztecan language of this people adj. of the Hopis or their language or culture …   English World dictionary

  • Hopi — /hoh pee/, n., pl. Hopis, (esp. collectively) Hopi for 1. 1. a member of a Pueblo Indian people of northern Arizona. 2. a Uto Aztecan language, the language of the Hopi Indians. [1875 80, Amer.; < Hopi hópi a Hopi person, lit., good, peaceable] * …   Universalium

  • Hopi Hari — Theme ParkThe park is relatively new (in 2006), and has only been open for the last couple of years. It was built by the International Theme Park Services, Inc., or ITPS. Being 760 thousand m², its size is comparable to places such as the Six… …   Wikipedia

  • Hopi — Ho|pi, der; [s], [s]: Angehöriger eines nordamerikanischen Indianerstammes. * * * Hopi   [englisch həʊpɪ], älterer (abwertender) Name Moqui [ moːki, məʊkɪ], Gruppe nordamerikanischer Indianer in Nordostarizona, etwa 8 000 Menschen. Sie gehören zu …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hopi — /ˈhoʊpi/ (say hohpee) noun 1. a Native American people from north eastern Arizona. 2. (plural Hopi or Hopis) a member of this people. 3. the language of this people. –adjective 4. of or relating to this people or their language. {Hopi hópi a Hopi …   Australian English dictionary

  • Hopi — noun (plural Hopi or Hopis) Etymology: Hopi hópi, literally, good, peaceful Date: 1877 1. a member of an American Indian people of northeastern Arizona 2. the Uto Aztecan language of the Hopi people …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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