Holy Sepulchre


Holy Sepulchre

 the tomb in which Jesus (Jesus Christ) was buried and the name of the church built on the traditional site of his Crucifixion and burial. According to the Bible, the tomb was close to the place of the Crucifixion (John 19:41–42), and so the church was planned to enclose the site of both cross and tomb.

 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre lies in the northwest quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. Constantine the Great first built a church on the site. It was dedicated about AD 336, burned by the Persians in 614, restored by Modestus (the abbot of the monastery of Theodosius, 616–626), destroyed by the caliph al-Ḥākim Bī-Amr Allāh about 1009, and restored by the Byzantine emperor Constantine Monomachus. In the 12th century the Crusaders carried out a general rebuilding of the church. Since that time, frequent repair, restoration, and remodeling have been necessary. The present church dates mainly from 1810.

      This site has been continuously recognized since the 4th century as the place where Jesus died, was buried, and rose from the dead. Whether it is the actual place, however, has been hotly debated. It cannot be determined that Christians during the first three centuries could or did preserve an authentic tradition as to where these events occurred. Members of the Christian church in Jerusalem fled to Pella about AD 66, and Jerusalem was destroyed in AD 70. Wars, destruction, and confusion during the following centuries possibly prevented preservation of exact information. Another question involves the course of the second north wall of ancient Jerusalem. Some archaeological remains on the east and south sides of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre are widely interpreted to mark the course of the second wall. If so, the site of the church lay just outside the city wall in the time of Jesus, and this could be the actual place of his Crucifixion and burial. No rival site is supported by any real evidence.

      Various Christian groups, including the Greek, Roman, Armenian, and Coptic churches, control parts of the present church and conduct services regularly.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holy Sepulchre — • The tomb in which the Body of Jesus Christ was laid after His death upon the Cross Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Holy Sepulchre     Holy Sepulchre      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Holy Sepulchre — noun the sepulcher in which Christ s body lay between burial and resurrection • Syn: ↑Holy Sepulcher • Instance Hypernyms: ↑burial chamber, ↑sepulcher, ↑sepulchre, ↑sepulture • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Holy Sepulchre — /hoʊli ˈsɛpəlkə/ (say hohlee sepuhlkuh) noun Christianity the sepulchre in which the body of Jesus lay between burial and resurrection …   Australian English dictionary

  • Holy Sepulchre —    See Jerusalem …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Holy Sepulchre —  Гроб Господень …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Holy Sepulchre Cemetery — is the name of several different cemeteries. The name is inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, which is believed by many Christians to be built on the site of Jesus s (empty) tomb. The association with Jesus s death and… …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Sepulchre Cemetery (Worth, Illinois) — Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, located at 6001 West 111th Street in Worth, Illinois, USA, is a Catholic cemetery of the Archdiocese of Chicago.Cemetery groundsVisitors are greeted by rolling manicured lawns, a large, dramatic entrance gate, winding… …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Sepulchre, Fathers of the — • Franciscan Fathers, who with lay brothers keep watch over the Holy Sepulchre and the sanctuaries of the basilica Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Holy Sepulchre, Knights of the — • A secular confraternity which gradually grew up around the most august of the Holy Places Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Holy Sepulchre Cemetery (Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania) — Holy Sepulchre Cemetery is a Catholic cemetery in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is a cemetery of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. Located at 4001 West Cheltenham Avenue, it abuts the county line separating Cheltenham Township, Montgomery… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.