Hincks, Sir Francis

Hincks, Sir Francis

▪ Canadian journalist and politician
born Dec. 14, 1807, Cork, County Cork, Ire.
died Aug. 18, 1885, Montreal

      journalist and politician. He served as joint premier of the united province of Canada in 1851–54.

      Hincks immigrated to York, Upper Canada (as of 1834, Toronto), in 1832 and by 1835 was manager of the Bank of the People, which rivaled the Bank of Upper Canada. In 1838 he founded the Examiner in Toronto, a moderate liberal newspaper in which he campaigned for responsible (i.e., cabinet) government; the Examiner merged with The Globe (Toronto) in 1855.

      After the union of Upper and Lower Canada as Canada West and Canada East (1840), Hincks entered the first united Parliament in 1841 as a Liberal for Oxford, becoming inspector general of accounts and member of the executive council. He resigned his post in 1843 and took up the editorship of the Montreal Times and also founded the Pilot, a leading opposition journal. In 1848 Hincks resumed the inspector generalship under the joint premiership of Robert Baldwin and Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine; in 1851–54 he was joint premier of Canada with Augustin Norbert Morin.

      As premier, Hincks encouraged railway development and in 1854 concluded a treaty of reciprocity with the United States. Decimal coinage was introduced during the Hincks–Morin administration. In 1855 Hincks was made governor of Barbados and the Windward Islands and served until 1861, when he went to British Guiana as governor (1861–69).

      Back in Canada, he served as minister of finance (1869–73) in Sir John Macdonald's government. Although reelected to Parliament in 1873, Hincks resigned from the cabinet that year and from active politics the following year, feeling out of touch with Canadian affairs. He was knighted in 1869.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hincks, Sir Francis — (1807 1885). E Appointed inspector general by Sir Charles Bagot, 31; on Metcalfe, 38; returned in elections of 1848, 50; becomes inspector general in La Fontaine Baldwin ministry, 53; Ryerson s letter to, 90; his capacity for discreet, practical… …   The makers of Canada

  • Francis Hincks — Infobox President name = Sir Francis Hincks caption = The Hon. Francis Hincks birth date = birth date|1807|12|14|mf=y birth place = Cork, Ireland death date = August 18, 1885 death place = Montreal, Quebec order = Premier of Canada West term… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Hincks — The Reverend Edward Hincks (August 19, 1792 ndash; December 3, 1866) was an Irish clergyman, best remembered as an Assyriologist and one of the decipherers of Mesopotamian cuneiform.Edward Hincks was born in Cork on 19 August 1792. He was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Responsible Government —    The period of responsible government in Canada dates from the union of 1841; in Nova Scotia, from 1848; in New Brunswick, the same year; in Prince Edward Island, 1851. The agitation for responsible government, from its very nature, cannot be… …   The makers of Canada

  • Dominick Daly — Sir Dominick Daly Sir Dominick Daly (* 11. August 1798 in Ardfry, County Galway, Irland; † 19. Februar 1868 in Adelaide, South Australia, Australien) war ein britischer Politiker und Kolonial …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard John Cartwright — Sir Richard John Cartwright, P.C., G.C.M.G. (December 4 1835 ndash; September 24 1912) was a Canadian businessman and politician. He was born and raised in Kingston, Ontario in a United Empire Loyalist family, the son of Harriet Dobbs Cartwright… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Baldwin — Baldwin 1851[1] Robert Baldwin (* 12. Mai 1804 in York (Toronto); † 9. Dezember 1858 bei Toronto) war ein kanadischer Anwalt und Politiker. Er gilt als einer der Wegbereiter der kanadischen Unabhängigkeit und der Überwindung des innerkanadischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Lyon Mackenzie — Infobox Mayor name =William Lyon Mackenzie |250px caption =William Lyon Mackenzie birth date = March 12, 1795 birth place = Aberdeen, Scotland death date = August 28, 1861 office = 1st Mayor of Toronto term start = 1834 term end = 1834… …   Wikipedia

  • MANUSCRIPT SOURCES IN THE DOMINION ARCHIVES —    ♦ CHAMPLAIN    Correspondance Générale, North America Acadia, 1603 1632, Serie F, Volume No. 112. Colonial Office Records, 1603, 1635, Serie M, Volume No. 395. Correspondance Générale, Acadia, 1605, Serie F, Volume No. 125. Suggestions to the… …   The makers of Canada

  • Minister of Finance (Canada) — Minister of Finance Ministry Federal …   Wikipedia