Hess, Moses


Hess, Moses

▪ German author and Zionist
original name  Moritz Hess  
born June 21, 1812, Bonn [Germany]
died April 6, 1875, Paris, Fr.

      German journalist and socialist who influenced Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and who was an important early proponent of Zionism.

      Hess's first published work, Heilige Geschichte der Menschheit von einem Jünger Spinozas (1837; “The Holy History of Mankind, by a Young Spinozist”), exhibited the sharp imprint not only of Benedict de Spinoza's but also of G.W.F. Hegel's transcendental philosophy. Hess saw a material application of his beliefs in an idealistic, somewhat anarchic socialism, and he organized workers' groups while propagating his ideas in the radical newspaper Rheinische Zeitung (“Rhinelander Gazette”), for which he served as Paris correspondent from 1842 to 1843. After Karl Marx (Marx, Karl) joined the newspaper, Hess influenced Marx's thinking appreciably, and they collaborated on several works. Later, however, Marx rejected Hess's type of utopian socialism, specifically mocking Hess in The Communist Manifesto (Communist Manifesto, The) (1848). Hess himself gradually changed his idealistic views and became more pragmatic in his beliefs. During the Revolution of 1848 in Germany, Hess was forced to flee the country, and, after wandering through Europe, he settled in Paris in 1853.

      His most prominent work, the early Zionist Rom und Jerusalem, die letzte Nationalitätsfrage (1862; Rome and Jerusalem: A Study in Jewish Nationalism), was ignored at the time of publication, but it influenced such later Zionist leaders as Aḥad Haʿam and Theodor Herzl. Among Hess's many contentions in Rom und Jerusalem, the major one states that the Jews will always be a homeless people, never fully accepted by others, until they have their own country.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HESS, MOSES — (1812–1875), German socialist, a precursor of modern Zionism, and father of Zionist Socialism. Born in Bonn, Hess remained there with his Orthodox grandfather when in 1817 his father moved to Cologne, where he owned a grocery and a sugar refinery …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hess, Moses — (1812–75)    Early German Zionist socialist. A student of philosophy at Bonn, Hess was caught up in the revolutionary socialist movement of the time, writing left wing books and articles and helping to produce radical publications. After the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hess, Moses — (1812 75)    Early Zionist thinker. Born in Bonn, Germany, he was one of the first to try to integrate two powerful ideological and political forces socialism and Zionism. His book, Rome and Jerusalem: The Last National Problem, published in 1862 …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Hess, Moses — (1812 75)    German socialist. He was born in Bonn. In 1841 he helped found the socialist daily Rheinische Zeitung, of which Karl Marx became editor. Subsequently he lived in Belgium, Switzerland and Paris. In 1862 he published Rome and Jerusalem …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Moses Hess — (auch Moses Heß; * 21. Juni 1812 in Bonn; † 6. April 1875 in Paris) war ein deutsch jüdischer Philosoph und Schriftsteller. Er gehörte zu den Frühsozialisten und war ein Vorläufer der Zionisten. Gebur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses Heß — Moses Hess Moses Hess (auch Moses Heß) (* 21. Juni 1812 in Bonn; † 6. April 1875 in Paris) war ein deutsch jüdischer Philosoph und Schriftsteller. Er gehörte zu den Frühsozialisten) und war ein Vorläufer der Zionisten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses Hess — Moses (Moshe) Hess (June 21, 1812 – April 6, 1875) was a Jewish philosopher and socialist, and one of the founders of Labor Zionism. Contents 1 Life …   Wikipedia

  • Moses Hess — (en hebreo: משה הס) (originalmente Moritz Hess) (Bonn, 21 de junio de 1812 París, 6 de abril de 1875) fue un judío precursor de lo que después se conocería como sionismo y sionismo socialista. Sus obras más important …   Wikipedia Español

  • HESS (M.) — HESS MOSES (1812 1875) Fils d’un petit industriel allemand, Moses Hess naît dans une famille juive de Bonn; il s’initie aux affaires, commence des études de philosophie à Bonn et publie en 1837 L’Histoire sainte de l’humanité par un disciple de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MOSES — bezeichnet: Mose, Musa oder Moses, die Zentralfigur des „Pentateuch“, führte der biblischen Überlieferung zufolge die Israeliten aus Ägypten in das kanaanäische Land Pentateuch, die „Fünf Bücher Moses“ (440 v. Chr.) in der jüdischen Tora und im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.