Henry (VII)


Henry (VII)

▪ king of Germany

born 1211, Sicily
died Feb. 12, 1242, Martirano, Calabria, Kingdom of Sicily

      German king (from 1220), son of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick II.

      After apparently spending most of his youth in Germany, Henry was crowned king of Sicily in 1212 and made duke of Swabia in 1216. Pope Innocent III had favoured his coronation as king of Sicily in the hope that the union of Sicily with the empire would be dissolved, and he had obtained a promise from Frederick to this effect. Nevertheless, Henry was chosen king of the Romans, or German king, at Frankfurt in April 1220 and crowned at Aix-la-Chapelle (modern Aachen, Ger.) on May 8, 1222, by his guardian Engelbert, archbishop of Cologne. The murder of Engelbert in 1225 was followed by an increase of disorder in Germany, and relations between Frederick and his son began to be strained. In 1231 Henry refused to appear at the diet at Ravenna and opposed the privileges granted by Frederick to the princes at Worms. In 1232 he submitted to his father, but in 1233 he issued a manifesto to the princes, and in 1234 raised the standard of revolt at Boppard. He succeeded in forming an alliance with the Lombards in December 1234, but his few supporters fell away when the Emperor reached Germany in 1235, and, after a vain attack on Worms, Henry submitted and was kept for some time as a prisoner in Germany. His formal deposition as German king was not considered necessary, because he had broken the oath taken in 1232. (He is usually not reckoned among the German kings.) He was removed to San Felice in Apulia and afterward to a prison at Martirano in Calabria, where he died, probably by his own hand.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry VII — may refer to:* Henry VII, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1042) * Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor (c. 1275–1313) * Henry VII of England (1457–1509) * Henri, comte de Paris, duc de France (Orléanist pretender to the French throne as Henry VII of France, born… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry VII — Henry VII, King also Henry Tudor (1457 1509) the king of England from 1485. He defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth Field, and married to unite the families of York and Lancaster and so ended the Wars of the Roses between the two… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Henry VII — 1. ( Henry of Luxembourg ) 1275? 1313, king of Germany 1309 13 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1312 13. 2. (Henry Tudor) 1457 1509, king of England 1485 1509: first king of the house of Tudor. * * * I German Heinrich born с 1269/74,… …   Universalium

  • Henry VII — Henri VII d Angleterre  Pour les autres membres de cette famille, voir : Tudor et pour les homonymes, voir Henri et Henri VII …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry VII — noun 1. King of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor (1275 1313) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑King of the Germans, ↑Holy Roman Emperor 2. first Tudor king of England from 1485 to 1509; head of the house of Lancaster in the War of the Roses; defeated… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Henry VII — Henry the Seventh the king of England from August 22nd, 1485, to April 21st, 1509 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • HENRY VII —    king of England from 1485 to 1509, son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, first of the Tudor monarchs, born at Pembroke Castle; after defeating and slaying Richard III. on Bosworth Field he assumed the crown, and by his marriage with Elizabeth …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Henry VII — /ˈhɛnri/ (say henree) noun 1457–1509, king of England 1485–1509 (successor of Richard III and 1st king of house of Tudor) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor — Henry VII ( Heinrich ; c. 1275 (or 1279) ndash 24 August 1313) was the King of Germany (or Rex Romanorum ) from 1308 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1312. He was the first emperor of the House of Luxembourg. During his brief career he reinvigorated… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry VII, Duke of Bavaria — Henry VII (died 16 October 1047) was the count of Luxembourg (as Henry II) from 1026 and duke of Bavaria from 1042 until his death. He was the son of Frederick, count of Moselgau, and possibly Ermentrude of Gleiberg.In 1026, he inherited… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.