Hench, Philip Showalter


Hench, Philip Showalter

▪ American physician
born Feb. 28, 1896, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.
died March 30, 1965, Ocho Rios, Jam.
 American physician who with Edward C. Kendall (Kendall, Edward Calvin) in 1948 successfully applied an adrenal hormone (later known as cortisone) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. With Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein (Reichstein, Tadeus) of Switzerland, Hench received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for discoveries concerning hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects.

      Hench received his medical degree from the University of Pittsburgh in 1920 and spent almost his entire career at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. For many years he sought a method of treating the painful and crippling disease of rheumatoid arthritis. Working at the Mayo Clinic, he noticed that during pregnancy and in the presence of jaundice the severe pain of arthritis may decrease and even disappear. This led him to suspect that arthritis is caused by a biochemical disturbance, perhaps one involving glandular hormones, rather than by a bacterial infection. In search of a treatment he and Kendall studied endocrinologic factors in rheumatic diseases. In the mid-1940s Kendall synthesized the steroid hormone cortisone, and in 1948 he and Hench tried the drug on arthritic patients. They showed a remarkable improvement, and cortisone became a key drug in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Cortisone and similar steroids are still useful in treating a number of diseases, but the claims that greeted their early employment were excessive.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hench,Philip Showalter — Hench (hĕnch), Philip Showalter. 1896 1965. American physician. He shared a 1950 Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning the hormones of the adrenal cortex. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hench , Philip Showalter — (1896–1965) American biochemist Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Hench was educated at Lafayette College and the University of Pittsburgh, where he obtained his MD in 1920. He spent most of his career working at the Mayo Clinic, becoming head of …   Scientists

  • Hench, Philip Showalter — ► (1896 1965) Médico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1950, compartido con E. Kendall y T. Reichstein, por el descubrimiento de la cortisona …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Philip Showalter Hench — Born February 28, 1896(1896 02 28) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Showalter Hench — (* 28. Februar 1896 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; † 30. März 1965 in Ocho Rios, Jamaika) war ein US amerikanischer Arzt. Hench studierte Medizin im Eaton Township (Pennsylvania) und promovierte 1920 an der University of Pittsburgh. Nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Showalter Hench — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Philip Showalter Hench (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Estados Unidos, 28 de febrero de 1896 Ocho Ríos, Jamaica, 30 de marzo de 1965). Realizó los estudios de Medicina y doctorado en Pennsylvania. En 1921 ingresó en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Philip Showalter Hench — (Pitsbugh, Pennsylvania, Estados Unidos), 28 de febrero de 1896 Ocho Ríos, Jamaica, 30 de marzo de 1965). Realizó los estudios de Medicina y doctorado en Pennsylvania. En 1921 ingresó en la Clinica Mayo, en la que permaneció toda su vida… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Philip Showalter Hench — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Showalter. Philip Showalter Hench (28 février 1896 à Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanie, États Unis 30 mars 1965) à Ocho Rios, Jamaïque) est un physicien américain qui a partagé avec Edward Calvin Kendall et Tadeusz… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1950: Philip Showalter Hench — Edward Calvin Kendall — Tadeus Reichstein —   Die drei Biochemiker aus den USA und der Schweiz erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Entdeckungen des Aufbaus und der physiologischen Wirkungen der Hormone der Nebennierenrinde.    Biografien   Philip Showalter Hench, * Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hench — Philip Showalter …   Scientists


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