Harris, William Torrey


Harris, William Torrey

▪ American educator and philosopher
born Sept. 10, 1835, North Killingley, Conn., U.S.
died Nov. 5, 1909, Providence, R.I.

      U.S. educator, probably the most widely known public school educator and philosopher in the United States during the late 19th century.

      Harris attended Yale College and after 1858 worked as a teacher and later as superintendent of schools in St. Louis, Mo. (1868–80). He served as U.S. commissioner of education from 1889 to 1906. As a practical school man, Harris was an effective administrator and reformer. He introduced into the curriculum such studies as art, music, science, and manual arts, and he favoured the professional study of education for teachers in training. He worked to extend the public high school and incorporated the kindergarten into the regular school system of St. Louis. In addition to serving as president of the National Education Association in 1875, Harris also presided over the National Association of School Superintendents (1873–80).

      As a philosopher and psychologist, Harris was more synthetic than original, embracing German Idealism, American Transcendentalism, Christianity, phrenology, and mental discipline. He lectured for several summers at the Concord School of Philosophy, but Hegelian Idealism was retreating, and Harris was not creative enough to stem the rising tide of Naturalism. A prolific writer of several hundred philosophical and educational articles, Harris was also editor of The Journal of Speculative Philosophy (1867–93), Appleton's International Education Series, and Webster's New International Dictionary.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Torrey Harris — (10 September 1835 5 November 1909) was an American educator, philosopher, and lexicographer.Early life and careerBorn in North Killingly, Connecticut, he attended Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. He completed two years at Yale,… …   Wikipedia

  • William Harris — may refer to:*William Harris (beachcomber) (born c.1813), British escaped convict and settler in pre colonial Nauru *William Harris (blues artist) (1900 ndash;?), American blues artist *William Harris (colonel), American Civil War colonel, son of …   Wikipedia

  • Harris — I. biographical name Barbara Clementine 1930 American bishop II. biographical name Frank 1856 1931 American (Irish born) writer III. biographical name Joel Chandler 1848 1908 American writer IV. biographical name Roy 1898 1979 American composer V …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • William Harris (Botaniker) — William Harris (* 15. November 1860 in Enniskillen; † 11. Oktober 1920 in Kansas City) war ein irischer Botaniker und Pflanzensammler. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Harris“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Ehrentaxon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bill Torrey — William A. Torrey (born June 23, 1934 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada) was a General Manager and executive in the National Hockey League, most famous for building up the expansion New York Islanders into a dynasty that won four consecutive Stanley… …   Wikipedia

  • neo-Hegelianism — neo Hegelian, n., adj. /nee oh hay gay lee euh niz euhm, hi jee /, n. Philos. Hegelianism as modified by various philosophers of the latter half of the 19th century. [1915 20] * * * ▪ philosophy       the doctrines of an idealist school of… …   Universalium

  • Shafer, Helen Almira — ▪ American educator born Sept. 23, 1839, Newark, N.J., U.S. died Jan. 20, 1894, Wellesley, Mass.       American educator, noted for the improvements she made in the curriculum of Wellesley College both as mathematics chair and as school president …   Universalium

  • automobile — automobilist /aw teuh meuh bee list, moh bi list/, n. /aw teuh meuh beel , aw teuh meuh beel , aw teuh moh beel, beuhl/, n. 1. a passenger vehicle designed for operation on ordinary roads and typically having four wheels and a gasoline or diesel… …   Universalium

  • idealism — /uy dee euh liz euhm/, n. 1. the cherishing or pursuit of high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc. 2. the practice of idealizing. 3. something idealized; an ideal representation. 4. Fine Arts. treatment of subject matter in a work of art… …   Universalium

  • Liste de zoologistes — Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur son… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.