Hara Takashi


Hara Takashi

▪ prime minister of Japan
also called  Hara Kei  
born March 15, 1856, Morioka, Japan
died Nov. 4, 1921, Tokyo
 politician who was prime minister of Japan from 1918 to 1921 and who established the political party as a fundamental institution of politics in Japan.

      Hara was the son of a high-ranking samurai family of northern Japan. After graduating from Tokyo University he became a journalist. In 1882 he entered the foreign service, upon which he rose rapidly with the support of Itō Hirobumi and other prominent figures in government. In 1900 Hara participated with Itō in the founding of the Rikken Seiyūkai (Friends of Constitutional Government Party). Hara became the Seiyūkai's secretary-general that year and was a principal leader of the party from then on, serving as its president after 1914. Elected to the Diet (parliament) in 1900 and reelected eight times thereafter, he rose to become home minister in 1906–1908, 1911–12, and 1913–14. Hara built the Seiyūkai into a U.S.-style party whose popular support came from the patronage it dispensed and the regional economic development it sought to promote. On Sept. 29, 1918, Hara obtained the premiership, ushering in almost two decades in which the Seiyūkai machine and its business and agricultural allies dominated civilian politics.

      Hara lowered the property qualifications for voting, thus enlarging the electorate to include the small landholders among whom Seiyūkai strength lay. He refused, however, to use the absolute majority the Seiyūkai commanded in the lower house of the Diet to institute universal male suffrage in Japan. Hara also attempted to reduce the power of the military, and he opposed the use of Japanese soldiers in Siberia. In 1921 he was assassinated by a young rightist fanatic.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hara Takashi — (1906) Hara Takashi (jap. 原 敬 Hara Takashi, auch Hara Kei; * 9. Februar 1856 im Lehen Morioka; † 4. November 1921 in Stadt Tokio (heute Chiyoda, Tokio)) war ein japanischer Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hara Takashi — Este artículo está titulado de acuerdo a la onomástica japonesa, en que el apellido precede al nombre. Hara Takashi 19º Primer Ministro de Japón 29 de septiembre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hara Takashi — Infobox Politician name = Hara Takashi imagesize =200px caption =Prime Minister of Japan birth date =birth date|1856|2|9|df=y birth place =Morioka, Mutsu Province, Japan residence = death date =death date and age|1921|11|4|1856|2|9|df=y death… …   Wikipedia

  • Hara Takashi — o Hara Kei (15 mar. 1856, Morioka, Japón–4 nov. 1921, Tokio). Primer ministro de Japón (1918–21) y cofundador de uno de los primeros partidos políticos del país, el Rikken Seiyukai. Disminuyó los requisitos de propiedad para votar, aumentando así …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Takashi Hara — Hara Takashi (1906) Hara Takashi (jap. 原 敬 Hara Takashi, auch Hara Kei; * 9. Februar 1856; † 4. November 1921) war ein japanischer Politiker und von 1918 bis 1921 19. Premierminister Japans. Bekannt wurde er als erster „bürgerlicher“ (d. h. nicht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hara Kei — Hara Takashi (1906) Hara Takashi (jap. 原 敬 Hara Takashi, auch Hara Kei; * 9. Februar 1856; † 4. November 1921) war ein japanischer Politiker und von 1918 bis 1921 19. Premierminister Japans. Bekannt wurde er als erster „bürgerlicher“ (d. h. nicht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Takashi Hara — Takashi Hara …   Wikipédia en Français

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