Hansen, Alvin Harvey


Hansen, Alvin Harvey

▪ American economist
born August 23, 1887, Viborg, South Dakota, U.S.
died June 6, 1975, Alexandria, Virginia

      American economist noted for his strong and influential advocacy of the theories of John Maynard Keynes (Keynes, John Maynard).

      Hansen was educated at Yankton College (B.A., 1910) and at the University of Wisconsin (Ph.D., 1918), where he studied under economists Richard T. Ely (Ely, Richard T.) and John R. Commons (Commons, John R.). He taught at Brown University (1916–19) and then at the University of Minnesota (1919–37). In 1937 Hansen was appointed as the first Littauer Professor of Political Economy at Harvard University, and he retained that position until his retirement in 1962.

      Hansen had a particular interest in fluctuations in economic activity, and his Business Cycle Theory (1927) criticized underconsumptionist theories—theories that blamed low economic growth and high unemployment on rates of saving that were “too high.” Though at first he advocated deflationary policies and opposed Keynes's belief in the stimulation of demand, Hansen later became a leading proponent of Keynesian views in the United States. He built upon Keynes's theory by developing the stagnation thesis, which states that, as an economy matures, opportunities for productive investment will diminish, which causes the economy's rate of growth to decrease.

      The stagnation thesis has not stood the test of time, however, having been discredited by sustained periods of strong economic growth. Yet Hansen's theory was adopted in the government policies of his time, no doubt because of his influence as an adviser to various U.S. government agencies and commissions. He also served on the committee that worked to create the U.S. social security system.

      Hansen was also an eminent educator. Among his many noteworthy students at Harvard were Paul McCracken and Paul Samuelson (Samuelson, Paul). Moreover, Hansen is remembered by generations of students as the author of Guide to Keynes (1953), a classic text on Keynesian economics.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Alvin Hansen — Alvin Harvey Hansen (1887 1975), once referred to as the American Keynes , brought the 1930s Keynesian economics revolution to the United States. A professor of economics at Harvard, he was a prolific writer who also played an important role in… …   Wikipedia

  • Alvin Hansen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alvin Harvey Hansen (23 de agosto de 1887, Viborg, Dakota del Sur Alexandria, Virginia, 6 de junio de 1975) fue un economista que desarrolló las ideas de John Maynard Keynes en Estados Unidos y se desempeñó como… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alvin Hansen — Alvin Harvey Hansen (23 août 1887, Viborg, Dakota du Sud 1975) est un économiste américain qui importa les idées keynésienne aux États Unis (il fut pour cela surnommé le « Keynes américain »). Professeur d économie à Harvard, il est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alvin Hansen — Alvin Harvey Hansen (* 23. August 1887 in Viborg (South Dakota); † 6. Juni 1975) war ein US amerikanischer keynesianischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler (Harvard University). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Veröffentlichungen 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hansen (Familienname) — Hansen ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name „Hansen“ ist ein patronymisch gebildeter Familienname mit der Bedeutung „Sohn des Hans“. Verbreitung Der Name ist vor allem im deutschen, dänischen und norwegischen Sprachraum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hansen — Alvin Harvey, 1887–1975, amerikanischer Nationalökonom, der von 1937 bis 1962 in Harvard lehrte. H. tat mehr als jeder andere Ökonom, um ⇡ Keynes in Amerika bekannt zu machen. Im akademischen Unterricht machte er häufigen Gebrauch vom IS LM… …   Lexikon der Economics

  • Hansen — Hạnsen,   1) [hænsn], Alvin Harvey, amerikanischer Volkswirtschaftler dänischer Herkunft, * Viborg (S. D.) 23. 8. 1887, ✝ Alexandria (Virginia) 6. 6. 1975; 1929 37 Professor an der Universität von Minnesota, 1937 60 an der Harvard University;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • economic growth — Process by which a nation s wealth increases over time. The most widely used measure of economic growth is the real rate of growth in a country s total output of goods and services (gauged by the gross domestic product adjusted for inflation, or… …   Universalium

  • Хансен, Элвин — Элвин Харви Хансен Alvin Harvey Hansen Дата рождения: 23 августа 1887(1887 08 23) Место рождения: Виборг Дата смерти: 6 июня …   Википедия


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