Hamilton, John Hamilton, 1st marquess of, Earl Of Arran, Lord Aven


Hamilton, John Hamilton, 1st marquess of, Earl Of Arran, Lord Aven

▪ Scottish noble

born 1532/35
died April 12, 1604
 Scottish nobleman active in Scottish and English politics and in the unsuccessful negotiations for the release of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots.

      The third son of James Hamilton, 2nd earl of Arran, he was given the abbey of Arbroath in 1551. In politics he was largely under the influence of his unscrupulous younger brother Claud Hamilton, afterward (1587) Baron Paisley (b. September 1543?–d. 1621/22). At first hostile to Mary Stuart, they later became her devoted partisans. Claud met Mary on her escape from Lochleven and escorted her to Hamilton Palace. With others of the Queen's party they were forfeited by the Parliament and sought their revenge on the regent Moray. Although the Hamiltons disavowed all connection with Moray's murderer, James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, he had been provided with horse and weapons by the abbot of Arbroath, and it was at Hamilton that he sought refuge after the deed. Their uncle, Archbishop John Hamilton, was hanged at Stirling in 1571 for alleged complicity in the murder of Mary's husband, Lord Darnley, and is said to have admitted that he was a party to the murder of Moray.

      At the pacification of Perth in 1573 the Hamiltons abandoned Mary's cause. On the uncertain evidence extracted from the assassin by torture, the Hamiltons had been credited with a share in the murder of the regent Lennox in 1571. In 1579 proceedings against them for these two crimes were resumed, and when they escaped to England their lands and titles were seized by their enemies. John Hamilton soon dissociated himself from the policy of his brother Claud, who continued to plot for Spanish intervention on behalf of Mary until her death. (He later, in 1590, went mad and was mad at his death.) With other Scottish exiles, John crossed the border in 1585 and marched on Stirling; he was admitted on November 4 and formally reconciled with James VI, with whom he was thenceforward on the friendliest terms. He was created marquess of Hamilton, earl of Arran, and Lord Aven in 1599.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton — James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, 4th Earl of Arran KG PC (1589 ndash;2 March 1625), styled Lord Aven from 1599 to 1604, was a Scottish politician. He was the son of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Hamilton.He inherited his father s titles …   Wikipedia

  • James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton — Infobox Monarch name =James Hamilton title =Duke of Hamilton caption =James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton by Daniel Mytens. reign = coronation = othertitles =Marquess of Hamilton Marquess of Clydesdale Earl of Arran Earl of Cambridge Lord… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Hamilton — Dukedom of Hamilton Creation date 12 April 1643 (1643 04 12) (age 368) Created by Charles I of Scotland Peerage …   Wikipedia

  • James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton — Lieutenant General James Douglas Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, 1st Duke of Brandon and 1st Baron of Dutton, KG, KT, (11 November 1658 – 15 November 1712) was a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland and Keeper of the Palace of… …   Wikipedia

  • Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton — (6 January 1631, London ndash; 17 October 1716) was a Scottish noblewoman.The daughter of Sir James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton and 3rd Marquess of Hamilton, Scottish General and premier peer of the realm, and Lady Mary Feilding, daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dukedoms of the British Isles by reign — This page lists extant dukedoms in the Peerages of the British Isles, listed by the monarch who created them see also List of dukedoms in the peerages of the British Isles. Contents 1 Peerage of England 1.1 Heir to the throne (special case) …   Wikipedia