Halpern, Moyshe Leyb


Halpern, Moyshe Leyb

▪ American poet
born Jan. 2, 1886, Zlotchev, Galicia, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 31, 1932, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      American poet whose unsentimental and psychologically complex free verse in Yiddish extols socialism, individual rights, and social justice.

      Sent to Vienna at age 12 to study sign painting, Halpern learned about socialism and German literature and began writing in German. After he returned home and became influenced by Yiddish writers and intellectuals, he wrote only in Yiddish. Halpern immigrated to North America in 1908, living in poverty in Montreal and New York City; his first poems were published that year. He was a prominent member of Di Yunge (“the young ones”), a group of New York-based young poets who were influenced by the revolutionary happenings in Russia. He was also, like his colleagues, a member of the immigrant working class who viewed life and poetry through the perspective of European aestheticism.

      Halpern was considered a major Yiddish poet from the publication of his first collection, In Nyu-York (1919; “In New York”), which was a literary and financial success. Until 1924 he worked closely with the Yiddish communist daily, Di frayhayt (“Freedom”), which published his best-known poem, “Zlotchev, mayn heym” (“Zlotchev, My Hometown”), an indictment of nostalgia for the shtetl (Eastern European Jewish village). His second collection, Di goldene pave (“The Golden Peacock”), was released in 1924. He made successful poetry-reading tours of the United States. Two volumes of his poetry were published posthumously, as Moyshe Leyb Halpern (1934).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • HALPERN, MOYSHE-LEYB — (1886–1932), Yiddish poet. Born in Galicia, Halpern emigrated to the United States in 1908, after participating in the Czernowitz Yiddish Language Conference, and lived mainly in New York. He associated with Di Yunge, but his style was at odds… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moyshe-Leyb Halpern — (not to be confused with Mani Leib, another Yiddish poet) Moyshe Leyb Halpern (January 2, 1886 – August 31, 1932) was a Yiddish language modernist poet. He was born and raised in a traditional Jewish household in Zlotshev, Galicia and brought to… …   Wikipedia

  • Moyshe-Leyb Halpern — Moyshe Leyb Halpern: Selbstportrait von 1927 Moyshe Leyb Halpern (* 2. Januar 1886 in Solotschiw; † 31. August 1932 in New York City) war ein jiddischsprachiger Dichter der Moderne. M.L. Halpern gilt als einer der herausragendsten und begabtesten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halpern — is a variation of the Jewish surname Heilprin and may refer to:* Barbara Halpern Levin, wife of United States Senator Carl Levin (D Michigan) * Charles Halpern, legal philosopher and promoter of meditative action in public interest law, chair of… …   Wikipedia

  • Halpern — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernard Halpern (1904 1978), französischer Immunologe und Pharmakologe Eric Halpern (* 1907, † nach 1958), österreichisch jüdischer Journalist Jack Halpern (* 1925), US amerikanischer Chemiker Jeff Halpern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yiddish literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Yiddish language of Ashkenazic (Ashkenazi) Jewry (central and eastern European Jews and their descendants).       Yiddish literature culminated in the period from 1864 to 1939, inspired …   Universalium

  • Di Yunge — Sitzend, v.l.n.r.: Menakhem Bereisho, Abraham Reisen, Moyshe Leyb Halpern. Stehend: A. M. Dillon, H. Leivick, Zishe Landau, Reuben Iceland, Isaac Raboy Di Yunge (jiddisch: די יונגע) war eine Gruppe junger jiddischsprachiger Dichter und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEIVIK, H. — LEIVIK, H. (pseudonym of Leyvik Halper(n); 1888–1962), Yiddish poet and playwright. Born in Igumen (now Ihumen, Belarus), in 1905 he joined the bund and participated in revolutionary   activities. The following year he was arrested and while… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • H. Leivick — (pen name of Leivick Halpern, [ [http://yiddishbookcenter.org/+10319 On National Poetry Month] , National Yiddish Book Center. Accessed online 10 April 2007. The page also contains a poem by Leivick (ייִדישע פּאָעטן [“Yiddish Poets”] ) and links… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Yiddish language poets — Poets who wrote or write much of their poetry in the Yiddish language include:A* Moshe Altman * Efraim Auerbach * Zelik AxelrodB* Zelik Barditshever * Rachel Baumvoll * Elye Beyder * Chaim Beyder * Alexander Beyderman * Alexander Belousov * Lev… …   Wikipedia


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