Ḥākim, al-


Ḥākim, al-

▪ Fāṭimid caliph
in full  Al-ḥākim Bi-amr Allāh (Arabic: “Ruler by God's Command”) , called by Druzes   Al-ḥākim Bi-amrih (“Ruler by His Own Command”) , original name  Abū ʿalī Al-manṣūr , byname  The Mad Caliph 
born 985
died 1021?

      sixth ruler of the Egyptian Shīʿite Fāṭimid dynasty, noted for his eccentricities and cruelty, especially his persecutions of Christians and Jews. He is held by adherents of the Druze religion to be a divine incarnation.

      Al-Ḥākim was named caliph in 996 and depended at first on the Berber regiments in his army for his power. When he took control of government, his policies proved to be arbitrary and harsh. He ordered, for example, the sacking of the city al-Fusṭāṭ (near present-day Cairo), the killing of all dogs (whose barking annoyed him), and bans on various kinds of vegetables and shellfish. His religious persecutions affected Sunnite Muslims as well as Jews and Christians. At times, however, his administration was tolerant. During famines he distributed food and tried to stabilize prices. He also founded mosques and patronized scholars and poets. In 1017 he began to encourage the teachings of some Ismāʿīlī missionaries (members of the radical Shīʿite sect to which his dynasty belonged), who held that he was the incarnation of divinity. The Druze religion developed from the teaching of these men.

      Al-Ḥākim mysteriously vanished while taking a walk on the night of Feb. 13, 1021.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hakim B — Fichier:Hakimb.jpg Pays d’origine  Algerie !Algérie Activité principale Disc jockey …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hakim — (von arabisch ‏حكم‎ hakama ‚urteilen‘, im weitesten Sinne: „selbständig urteilsfähig sein“) ist die lateinische Form zweier arabischer Namen: Hakīm (arabisch: ‏حكيم‎, ‚Weiser, Arzt‘) z. B. beim irakischen Theologen Muhammad Baqir… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hakim — hàkim m DEFINICIJA reg. zast. 1. a. učen čovjek, mudrac, filozof b. sudac, kadija 2. v. hećim ETIMOLOGIJA tur. hakȋm ← arap. ḥākim …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • hakim — hakim1 [hä kēm′; ] also [ hä′kēm΄] n. [Ar ḥakīm, wise, learned, hence physician] a Muslim physician hakim2 [hä′kēm΄; ] also [ hä kēm′] n. [Ar ḥākim, governor < ḥakama, to exercise authority] a Muslim ruler or judge …   English World dictionary

  • Hakîm — (d.i. der Weise), 1) Arzt, bes. H. Baschi, der. Hofarzt, aus der Corporation der Ulemas, ist das Haupt der im Serail angestellten Spitalärzte; 2) (Hâkim), Richter, bes. Hakimi Scheri, der Befehlshaber des Gesetzes, der Richter, im Gegensatze von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hakîm — (arab.), »Weiser«, Philosoph; auch soviel wie Arzt, namentlich bei den Türken, daher H. Baschi (»Oberarzt«), der Titel des ersten Arztes des kaiserlichen Palastes in Konstantinopel; al Hakîm, einer der 99 Beinamen Gottes, der oft im Koran… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hakim — (Tawfîq al Hakîm) (1898 1987) écrivain égyptien. Il puise ses sujets dans la mythologie (OEdipe Roi, Pygmalion) et dans la vie quotidienne (Journal d un substitut de campagne). Il a introduit le théâtre dans la littérature arabe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hakim — Nom de personne arabe (Hakîm) désignant celui qui est sage, avisé, savant. C est l un des 99 noms divins. Dérivés : Hakima, Hakimi …   Noms de famille

  • Hakim — Ha*kim (h[.a]*k[=e]m ), n. [Ar. hak[=i]m.] A wise man; a physician, esp. a Mohammedan. [India] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hakim — Ha kim (h[aum] k[=e]m), n. [Ar. h[=a]kim.] A Mohammedan title for a ruler; a judge. [India] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hâkim [1] — Hâkim (arab., »Herrscher«), Bezeichnung des Gouverneurs eines Bezirks oder einer Stadt in Persien und Mittelasien; in der Türkei wird vielfach der Kadi (s. d.) vom Volke »H. Effendi« genannt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.