Gurs


Gurs

      large concentration camp near Pau, in southwestern France at the foot of the Pyrenees, that was used successively by independent France, Vichy France, and Nazi (Nazi Party) Germany.

      Gurs was built initially to house Republican refugees from the Spanish Civil War and later held refugees fleeing persecution in Germany and Austria. When France capitulated to the Germans in June 1940, Gurs became the main concentration camp for Marshal Philippe Pétain (Pétain, Philippe)'s collaborationist government in unoccupied (Vichy) France, receiving Jews and various dissidents. By 1941 there were 15,000 inmates, including Jews expelled from Germany and Belgium. Malnutrition and wretched sanitation killed great numbers. In late 1942, many inmates were deported to the extermination camps (extermination camp) of German-occupied Poland. Most Jews from Gurs were sent to the transit camp Drancy, near Paris, and from there to the death camps of Auschwitz and Sobibor. When deportations ended in August 1943, only 1,200 inmates remained, 48 of them Jews.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gurs — Gurs …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gurs — Gurs …   Wikipedia Español

  • GURS — (near Pau, Basses Pyrénées), one of France s largest concentration camps during World War II. Situated in southwestern France in what would later be the Unoccupied Zone, it was first used to intern Republican Spanish refugees, and then, later,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gurs — es una comuna francesa del departamento de los Pirineos Atlánticos, en la región de Aquitania. Al censo de 1999 contaba con unos 383 habitantes en sus cerca de 11 km² de superficie. Limita con la comuna de Jasses al nordeste, Sus al noroeste,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gurs — 43° 17′ 18″ N 0° 45′ 09″ W / 43.2883, 0.7525 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gurs — French commune|nomcommune=Gurs région=Aquitaine département=Pyrénées Atlantiques arrondissement=Oloron Sainte Marie canton=Navarrenx insee=64253 cp=64190 maire=Louis Costemale mandat=2001 2008 intercomm=Canton de Navarrenx longitude= 0.7525… …   Wikipedia

  • gursəs(li) — sif. Səsi gur olan, gur səs çıxaran. Gursəs(li) kişi …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • GURS — abbr. GUINNESS P L C NASDAQ …   Dictionary of abbreviations

  • gürşəd — (Gədəbəy) bax gurşad …   Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti

  • GÜRS — f. Kir, leke, pas. Açlık, sefâlet. * Zülf, kâhkül …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük


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