Gujarati language


Gujarati language

      Indo-Aryan language that is spoken in Gujarāt state and in the neighbouring states of Mahārāshtra and Rājasthān in India; it is the official language of Gujarāt. It had more than 40 million speakers in the late 20th century. Gujarati has several dialects, including those of the south, the northwest, and Saurashtra. The standard language accords with the central dialect, spoken in such cities as Vadodara. The language, which is written in a cursive modified Devanagari script, has a long literary tradition that dates back to the 12th century. Old Gujarati was also dubbed Old Western Rajasthani by the Italian scholar Tessitori, because the language was in his day used in an area including part of what is now the state of Rājasthān.

      Gujarati has a fairly complex inflectional (inflection) system, marking, for instance, three genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter; Hindī has only masculine and feminine), two numbers, and three cases (nominative, oblique, and agentive-locative) for nouns.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Gujarati script — *Harvard reference last=Masica first=Colin authorlink=Colin Masica year=1991 title=The Indo Aryan Languages place= Cambridge publisher=Cambridge University Press isbn=9780521299442 url=http://books.google.com/books?id=J3RSHWePhXwC… …   Wikipedia

  • Gujarati — noun Etymology: Hindi gujarātī, from Gujarāt Gujarat Date: 1808 1. (or Gujerati) the Indo Aryan language of Gujarat and neighboring regions in northwestern India 2. (or Gujrati) a member of a people chiefly of Gujarat speaking the Gujarati… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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