town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Surrey, England, at a ford across the River Wey on the north side of the gap by which its valley breaches the chalk ridge of the North Downs.

      The town of Guildford was already a manor in Saxon times, and its church tower shows pre-Norman work. Its earliest known charter dates from 1257. As well as the Norman castle there are many historic buildings along its axial High Street. On Stag Hill is the modern cathedral (1936–68) designed by Sir Edward Maufe, the second newly sited Anglican cathedral built in England since the Reformation. The new diocese was separated from Winchester in 1927. Nearby are the buildings of the University of Surrey (incorporated 1966).

      The town has grown in modern times with some light industry, including motor vehicles; it is an attractive residential town within commuting range of London (28 mi [44 km] northeast). The rural area that surrounds the town was part of the original metropolitan Greenbelt. Area, borough, 105 square miles (271 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 69,400; borough, 129,717.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guildford — Clock Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guildford —   [ gɪlfəd], Stadt in der County Surrey, Südengland, am Durchbruch des Wey durch die Schichtstufe der North Downs, 66 000 Einwohner; anglikanischer Bischofssitz; University of Surrey; Maschinenbau, Eisenbahnreparaturwerkstätten.   Stadtbild:  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guildford — (spr. Gilford), Hauptstadt der englischen Grafschaft Surrey, am Wey; Knotenpunkt mehrerer Eisenbahnen; 3 Kirchen, Grammar School, Grafschaftsgefängniß, Theater, Hospital, Ruinen eines alten Schlosses, Korn u. Holzhandel, Pulver u. Papiermühlen;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guildford — (spr. gillförd), Hauptstadt (municipal borough) der engl. Grafschaft Surrey, in malerischer Gegend am Wey, der sich hier durch die nördlichen Downs eine Bahn bricht, mit mehreren interessanten Kirchen (darunter St. Mary s aus normannischer Zeit) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guildford — (spr. gillf rd), Hauptstadt der engl. Grafsch. Surrey, (1901) 15.937 E.; Getreidehandel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guildford — For the larger local government district, see Guildford (borough). This article is about the county town of Surrey. For other uses, see Guildford (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°14′12″N 0°34′13″W /  …   Wikipedia

  • Guildford — Para el municipio homónimo, véase municipio de Guildford. Guildford es una importante ciudad del sur de Inglaterra, capital del condado de Surrey, Inglaterra, así como la sede del distrito de Guildford y la sede principal administrativa de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guildford — 51° 14′ 07″ N 0° 34′ 29″ W / 51.2354, 0.5746 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guildford — 1 Original name in latin Guildford Name in other language Guildford State code AU Continent/City Australia/Perth longitude 31.9 latitude 115.96667 altitude 13 Population 1942 Date 2012 01 18 2 Original name in latin Guildford Name in other… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Guildford — Recorded as Guildford, Guilford, Guldford and Guldforde, this is a surname of Olde English pre 7th century origins. It derives either from the city of Guildford in Surrey, or from residence at a ford where golden flowers grew. The development is… …   Surnames reference

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