Guggenheim, Meyer


Guggenheim, Meyer

▪ American industrialist and philanthropist
born Feb. 1, 1828, Langnau, Switz.
died March 15, 1905, Palm Beach, Fla., U.S.

      American industrialist and philanthropist who developed worldwide mining interests that, when merged with the American Smelting and Refining Company in 1901, dominated the industry for the next three decades and laid the foundation for the present U.S. mining industry.

      After emigrating to the United States from Switzerland in 1847, Meyer Guggenheim built an import firm in Philadelphia, which specialized in Swiss embroideries. In the early 1880s he acquired interests in two Colorado copper mines. Realizing their potential value, he eventually invested his entire fortune in the mines; his seven sons, especially Daniel Guggenheim (Guggenheim, Daniel), supervised the acquisition and operation of smelters. In 1891 the Guggenheims formed a trust, consolidating about a dozen of their refining operations under the name Colorado Smelting and Refining Company. In 1901 they assumed leadership of the U.S. mining industry by gaining control of the American Smelting and Refining Company, a trust composed of the country's largest metal-processing plants. Under Daniel's leadership, the trust acquired mines in lands far afield, including Alaska, Bolivia, Chile, and the Congo.

      In 1925 the sixth son of Meyer Guggenheim, Simon Guggenheim (1867–1941), established in memory of his son the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to award fellowships to aid artists and scholars studying abroad.

      Solomon Guggenheim (1861–1949), the fourth son of Meyer Guggenheim, founded in 1937 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation for the advancement of art, which operates the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and Guggenheim Museum SoHo in New York City, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice, and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao in Bilbao, Spain, among others.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guggenheim, Meyer — (1828–1905)    US industrialist. Meyer Guggenheim, an immigrant from Switzerland in 1848, with his seven sons made a fortune from copper and other metals. The sons set up a number of foundations and fellow ships for research and the creative arts …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Guggenheim, Meyer — (1828 1905)    American indus trialist. When his father emigrated from Lengnau, Switzerland to the US, he worked with him as a travelling salesman. Meyer became a manufacturer of polish, a shop owner, and a spice merchant as well as an importer… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Guggenheim, Meyer y Daniel — (1 feb. 1828, Langnau, Suiza–15 mar. 1905, Palm Beach, Fla., EE.UU.) (9 jul. 1856, Filadelfia, Pa., EE.UU.–28 sep. 1930, Port Washington, N.Y.). Industriales estadounidenses, padre e hijo, quienes desarrollaron negocios mineros en todo el mundo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guggenheim, Meyer and Daniel — born Feb. 1, 1828, Langnau, Switz. died March 15, 1905, Palm Beach, Fla., U.S. born July 9, 1856, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1930, Port Washington, N.Y. U.S. industrialists, father and son, who developed worldwide mining interests… …   Universalium

  • Meyer Guggenheim — (* 1. Februar 1828 in Lengnau, Schweiz; † 15. März 1905 in Lake Worth, Florida) war ein schweizerisch amerikanischer Industrieller und Philanthrop. Er war das Oberhaupt der amerikanischen Linie der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Meyer Guggenheim — Born February 1, 1828(1828 02 01) Lengnau, Aargau, Switzerland Died March 15, 1905 …   Wikipedia

  • Meyer Guggenheim — Retrato de Meyer Guggenheim. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Meyer Robert Guggenheim — (May 17, 1885 – November 16, 1959) (often recorded as M. Robert Guggenheim) was an American statesman and a member of the prominent Guggenheim family. Born in New York City, he was the son of Daniel Guggenheim (1856–1930), brother of Harry Frank… …   Wikipedia

  • Guggenheim — es el apellido de una famosa familia norteamericana. Muchos de sus miembros han creado Fundaciones, con motivaciones artísticas o de bien social. La Fundación de mayor renombre internacional, es la que fundó Solomon Guggenheim. * * * ► Familia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guggenheim — may refer to: Benjamin Guggenheim Charles Guggenheim Davis Guggenheim Guggenheim Building Guggenheim family Guggenheim Fellowship Guggenheim Museum (disambiguation) Harry Frank Guggenheim John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Marc Guggenheim… …   Wikipedia


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