Guarini, Guarino


Guarini, Guarino

▪ Italian architect, priest, mathematician, and theologian
also called  Camillo Guarini  
born Jan. 17, 1624, Modena, Duchy of Modena [Italy]
died March 6, 1683, Milan

      Italian architect, priest, mathematician, and theologian whose designs and books on architecture made him a major source for later Baroque architects in central Europe and northern Italy.

      Guarini was in Rome during 1639–47, when Francesco Borromini (Borromini, Francesco) was most active. Later he taught in Modena, Messina, and Paris and finally in 1666 went to Turin, where he stayed for the greater part of the remainder of his life. While in Turin in the service of the dukes of Savoy, Guarini built (or furnished designs for) at least six churches and chapels, five palaces, and a city gate; published six books, two on architecture and four on mathematics and astronomy; and sent palace designs to the duke of Bavaria and the margrave of Baden.

      In San Lorenzo (1668–87) and Santa Sindone (1667–90; “Holy Shroud”) in Turin, Guarini, working on a centralized plan, converted domes to an open lacework of interwoven masonry arches. (Santa Sindone was extensively damaged by fire in 1997, and the chapel was closed indefinitely for restoration work.) Although its design and symbolism were clearly Christian, Santa Sindone's structural details echo aspects of Spanish Moorish mosques and French Gothic cathedrals; indeed, Guarini expressed admiration for Gothic architecture. Guarini's longitudinal churches—of which the most spectacular was Santa Maria della Divina Providenza, in Lisbon, destroyed by earthquake in 1755—with their veiled light sources and interwoven spaces served as models for much of the church development in central Europe.

      The Palazzo Carignano in Turin (1679) is Guarini's masterpiece of palace design. With its billowing facade, its magnificent curved double stair, and its astonishing double dome in the main salon, it well deserves to be acclaimed the finest urban palace of the second half of the 17th century in Italy. Guarini's principal architectural treatise, Architettura Civile, was published posthumously in Turin in 1737.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guarini, Guarino — ► (1624 83) Sacerdote y arquitecto italiano. Autor de La Consolata, San Lorenzo y palacio Catignano (Turín) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guarini, Guarino, of Verona — (1374 1460)    Humanist and educator, best known as the headmaster of a famous humanistic school at the court of the duke of Ferrara. Though born into a poor family, he received an excellent Latin education in his native Verona and then at Padua… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Guarino Guarini — (* 7. Januar 1624 in Modena; † 1683) war ein italienischer Mathematiker, Philosoph und bedeutender Architekt des Spätbarock bzw. des sizilianischen Barocks. I …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guarino Guarini von Verona — Guarino da Verona Guarino da Verona (* 1370 in Verona, Italien; † 14. Dezember 1460 in Ferrara; auch Guarino Veronese; Guarino von Verona; Guarino Guarini; Guarino Guarini von Verona?) war ein Gelehrter und Humanist der italienischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guarino Guarini — Palacio Carignano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guarino — ist der Name folgender Personen: Mittelalterlicher Name: Guarino (Bischof) (1105–1128?), Bischof von Agrigent Guarino da Verona (1370–1460; auch Guarino Veronese; Guarino von Verona; Guarino Guarini; Guarino Guarini von Verona?), italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guarino Veronese — Guarino da Verona Guarino da Verona (* 1370 in Verona, Italien; † 14. Dezember 1460 in Ferrara; auch Guarino Veronese; Guarino von Verona; Guarino Guarini; Guarino Guarini von Verona?) war ein Gelehrter und Humanist der italienischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guarino von Verona — Guarino da Verona Guarino da Verona (* 1370 in Verona, Italien; † 14. Dezember 1460 in Ferrara; auch Guarino Veronese; Guarino von Verona; Guarino Guarini; Guarino Guarini von Verona?) war ein Gelehrter und Humanist der italienischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guarino da Verona — (* 1370 in Verona, Italien; † 14. Dezember 1460 in Ferrara; auch Guarino Veronese; Guarino von Verona; Guarino Guarini; Guarino Guarini von Verona?) war ein Gelehrter und Humanist der italienischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guarini — Guarini, Giovanni Battista Guarini, Guarino …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.