Grito de Dolores


Grito de Dolores

▪ Mexican history
English  Cry of Dolores 
 battle cry of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain, first uttered by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (Hidalgo y Costilla, Miguel), parish priest of Dolores (now Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato state), on Sept. 16, 1810.

      Hidalgo was involved in a plot against the Spanish colonial government, and, when the plot was betrayed, he decided to act immediately. After arming the people, he addressed them from the pulpit, encouraging them to revolt. The exact text of this most famous of all Mexican speeches is not known, and a wide variety of “reconstructed” versions have been published, but he may have said, in essence, “Long live Our Lady of Guadalupe [symbol of the Indians' faith], death to bad government, death to the gachupines [the Spaniards]!” Hidalgo amassed a large popular mob-army, but after much reckless pillage and bloodshed the movement was suppressed and Hidalgo himself was captured and executed on July 31, 1811. Hidalgo's “cry” became the cry of independence. In commemoration, each year on the night of September 15—the eve of Mexican Independence Day—the president of the republic shouts a version of “el Grito” from the balcony of the National Palace in Mexico City: “Viva México! Viva la Independencia! Vivan los héroes!” The ceremony is broadcast throughout the country and is repeated in smaller scale in many towns and villages.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grito de Dolores — Dolores Hidalgo, Cuna de la Independencia Nacional de México. El Grito de Dolores es considerado el punto cronológico con que se inicia la guerra de Independencia de México. Consiste en el llamado que el cura Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grito De Dolores — Le Grito de Dolores est l appel à la révolution contre les autorités du Mexique lancé par le curé Miguel Hidalgo le 16 septembre 1810 dans la localité de Dolores, près de Guanajuato. Le gouvernement de l empire, bouleversé par l invasion… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grito de dolores — Le Grito de Dolores est l appel à la révolution contre les autorités du Mexique lancé par le curé Miguel Hidalgo le 16 septembre 1810 dans la localité de Dolores, près de Guanajuato. Le gouvernement de l empire, bouleversé par l invasion… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grito de Dolores — A statue of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in front of the church in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato. The Grito de Dolores ( Cry of Dolores ) also known as El Grito de la Independencia ( Cry of Independence ), uttered from the small town of Dolores, near… …   Wikipedia

  • Grito de Dolores — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dolores. Statue de Miguel Hidalgo devant l église de Dolores Hidalgo. Le Grito de Dolores est, selon l histoire officielle, l appel à la sédition contre les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grito de Dolores — Por convención, el Grito de Dolores es considerado el punto cronológico con que inicia la guerra de Independencia de México. El Grito de dolores consiste en el llamado del cura Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla a sus párrocos a levantarse en contra… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dolores Hidalgo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Municipio de Dolores Hidalgo, Cuna de la Independencia Nacional Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dolores — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dolores es un nombre que puede referir a: Contenido 1 Toponimia 1.1  Argentina 1.2  Colombia 1.3  …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dolores (Buenos Aires) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Dolores (desambiguación). Ciudad de Dolores Primer Pueblo Patrio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dolores Hidalgo — (in full, Dolores Hidalgo Cuna de la Independencia Nacional (English: Dolores Hidalgo Cradle of National Independence) is the name of a city and the surrounding municipality in the north central part of the Mexican state of Guanajuato. It is… …   Wikipedia


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