Grierson, John

Grierson, John

▪ British film producer
born April 26, 1898, Kilmadock, Stirlingshire, Scot.
died Feb. 19, 1972, Bath, Somerset, Eng.

      founder of the British documentary-film movement and its leader for almost 40 years. He was one of the first to see the potential of motion pictures to shape people's attitudes toward life and to urge the use of films for educational purposes.

      Grierson was educated at the University of Glasgow and the University of Chicago. He returned to England in 1928, and the next year the Empire Marketing Board Film Unit sponsored his first and only personally directed film, Drifters (1929), a study of the lives of North Sea herring fishermen. This film initiated the documentary movement in Britain. He then solicited financial support from business and industry and enlisted the participation of artists interested in realistic filmmaking.

      Grierson assisted in the formation of the National Film Board of Canada (1939), and during World War II he supervised information films for the Canadian government. Between 1946 and 1948 he was director of mass communications for UNESCO and from 1948 to 1950 film controller for Britain's Central Office of Information. Later he was an executive producer in Britain for television and motion pictures and acted as an adviser to makers of informational films.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grierson, John — • ГРИ РСОН (Grierson) Джон (26.4.1898 19.2.1972)    англ. продюсер, режиссёр. Окончил ун ты в Глазго и Чикаго. Изучал науч. популяр., уч. и док. кино разл. стран. Испытал сильное влияние иск ва С. М. Эйзенштейна и В. И. Пудовкина. В 1929 пост.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • GRIERSON (J.) — GRIERSON JOHN (1898 1972) Né à Deanston (Écosse), John Grierson est reconnu comme le père du documentarisme anglais et l’un des maîtres du documentaire mondial; alors qu’il n’a signé que peu de films, dont Drifters , qui a suffi, à juste titre, à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grierson — (John) (1898 1972) cinéaste anglais: Drifters (1929). Théoricien du cinéma, il fonda une école internationale du documentaire, à laquelle appartint notam. Flaherty. Prem. directeur de l Office national du film, créé en 1939 à Ottawa, il donna une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grierson Awards — The Grierson Awards celebrate innovative and exciting new documentary films. The awards have been set up by The Grierson Trust to commemorate the life and work of world renowned Documentary Filmaker John Grierson. The awards were first set up in… …   Wikipedia

  • John Grierson — (26 April 1898 ndash; 19 February 1972) is often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film. Early lifeGrierson was born in Deanston, near Doune, Scotland. His father was the local Protestant preacher, his mother a suffragette …   Wikipedia

  • John Grierson — (* 26. April 1898 in Deanston bei Doune, Schottland; † 19. Februar 1972 in Bath, England) war ein britischer Dokumentarfilmregisseur und produzent. Er gilt als „Vater des britischen und kanadischen Dokumentarfilms“ und ihm wird die Einführung des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grierson (name) — Grierson is a surname of Scottish origin. The name is a patronymic form the personal name Grier , which was a common medieval form of the personal name Gregory . [ name meaning.ashx Grierson Name Meaning and… …   Wikipedia

  • John Grierson — (1898 1972) est un cinéaste britannique qui avait une idée très élevée de ce qu était la fonction du cinéma dans la société moderne. Après un début de carrière remarqué au Royaume Uni, il met en place en 1939 les destinées de l Office national du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Grierson — (26 de abril de 1898 19 de febrero de 1972) fue uno de los primeros y más influyentes documentalistas de la historia del cine. Nació en Deanstown, Escocia, Grierson fue a la Universidad de Glasgow donde estudió comunicación antes de decidirse por …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Grierson (pilot) — John Grierson (2 January 1909 21 May 1977 [Anne Morrow Lindbergh in I Remember Lindbergh ] ) was a UK born pilot, author and aviation administrator.John Grierson started his flying lessons at Brooklands while still a schoolboy, graduated from RAF …   Wikipedia

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