Great Northern Railway Company


Great Northern Railway Company

▪ American railway
      American railroad founded by James J. Hill (Hill, James Jerome) in 1890. It developed out of a struggling Minnesota railroad, the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (SP&P), which Hill and three associates purchased in 1878.

      Hill was a Minnesota coal and freight merchant who knew the north country well and believed he could build the decaying SP&P into a great railroad. He extended it north to the Canadian border to link up with a Canadian line to Winnipeg, and then westward through the Dakotas and Montana, reaching Great Falls in 1887 and the Pacific coast at Everett, Wash., in 1893. Hill induced thousands of homesteaders, mostly from Scandinavia, to settle along his tracks as he built them westward. In 1890 the system's name was changed to the Great Northern.

      To supply cargo for his railroad, Hill developed export markets in the Orient for American cotton, flour, and metals. Eastbound, the road carried lumber from the Pacific Northwest to the midwestern prairies. Together with J.P. Morgan of the Northern Pacific Railway Company (q.v.), Hill bought control of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company (Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company) (q.v.) in 1901. This gave both railroads a link to Chicago, St. Louis, and the cotton-hauling railroads of the South.

      In the same year, Hill set up the Northern Securities Company, a holding company to control the three railroads, with himself as president. The U.S. Supreme Court declared it in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1904 and ordered the company dissolved. The Burlington continued under control of the Great Northern and the Northern Pacific, however, and in 1970 the three were merged as the Burlington Northern, Inc. (see Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Northern Railway — Great Nothern RailWay (1900) Le Great Northern Railway est un ancien réseau de chemin de fer reliant les villes de St. Paul (Minnesota) à la ville de Seattle (Washington) aux États Unis. Le tracé long de 2 736 km, est développé au …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Northern Railway (Ireland) — The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) (GNR(I) or GNRI) was an Irish railway company formed in 1876 by a merger of the Irish North Western Railway (INW), Northern Railway of Ireland, and Ulster Railway. The Ulster Railway was the GNRI s oldest… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Northern Railway (U.S.) — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Great Northern Railway logo filename=Great Northern Herald.png logo size=100 system map size=300 map caption=Great Northern route map circa 1920. Red lines are GN; dotted lines are other railroads. marks=GN locale=St …   Wikipedia

  • Great Northern Railway (Great Britain) — The Great Northern Railway (GNR) was a British railway company established by the London York Railway Act of 1846. The main line ran from London via Hitchin, Peterborough, and Grantham, to York, with a loop line from Peterborough to Bawtry (south …   Wikipedia

  • Great Northern Railway Co. — U.S. railroad founded by James J. Hill in 1890. Hill bought a Minnesota railroad, the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, in 1878, and extended it north to the Canadian border and west to the Pacific coast, encouraging thousands of homesteaders to… …   Universalium

  • Manitoba Great Northern Railway — The Manitoba Great Northern Railway is a historic Canadian railway that operated in Manitoba. The railway was incorporated on March 10, 1909, to purchase the right of way and tracks of the Midland Railway of Manitoba between Gretna at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Pacific Railway Company — ▪ American railway       one of the northern transcontinental railroads of the United States, operating between St. Paul, Minn., and Seattle, Wash., and merged into the Burlington Northern in 1970.       The Northern Pacific was chartered by… …   Universalium

  • Northern Railway — is the name of: North railway (Austria) Northern Railway (California), predecessor of the Southern Pacific Company Northern Railway of Canada Northern Railway Zone (India) Northern Railway (Namibia) Nevada Northern Railway Northern Railway… …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Railway of Ireland — was an Irish gauge 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) railway company in Ireland. It was formed by a merger of the Dublin and Drogheda Railway (D D) with the Dublin and the Belfast Junction Railway (D BJct) in 1875. In 1876 it merged… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Western Railway — The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company and a notable example of civil engineering, linking London with the West Country, South West England and South Wales. It was founded in 1833, kept its identity through the 1923… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.