seaport and industrial town on the south shore of the River Forth estuary, Falkirk council area, historic county of Stirlingshire, Scotland.

      Grangemouth was founded in 1777 as the eastern terminus and transshipment point of the Forth-Clyde Canal (closed in 1963). It became Stirlingshire's chief port and the main east-coast outlet for Glasgow. Grain and timber were the main imports, and coal the chief export. By 1914 Grangemouth had begun to import oil, and within a decade a refinery had also been established to treat the imported crude oil. The importing and refining of petroleum and the associated petrochemical industry are together responsible for Grangemouth's subsequent growth. North Sea crude oil moves to Grangemouth by overland pipeline from the landfall terminal at Cruden Bay to the Grangemouth refinery. The refinery's by-products supply plastics and petrochemical industries in Grangemouth.

      In addition to the expanding industrial complex, Grangemouth's port facilities have been constantly updated and enlarged. Already Scotland's principal oil port, Grangemouth also became its busiest container port, with services to both northern Europe and North America. Apart from oil, main imports include timber, cement, bauxite, wood pulp, and rubber. Exports consist mainly of steel, whisky, machinery, and electronic equipment. Pop. (2001) 17,771.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grangemouth — Koordinaten 56° 1′ N, 3° 43′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grangemouth —   [ greɪndʒməθ], Hafenstadt und Raffineriezentrum in Schottland, am Südufer des inneren Firth of Forth, 21 700 Einwohner. Die Erdölraffinerie ist durch Pipelines mit dem Tiefwasserhafen Finnart (Westschottland) und mit dem Nordsee Erdölfeld… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Grangemouth —    GRANGEMOUTH, lately a quoad sacra parish, in the county of Stirling; comprising the sea port town of Grangemouth, in the parish of Falkirk, and also part of Polmont parish; the whole containing 1722 inhabitants, of whom 1488 are in the town, 3 …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Grangemouth — (spr. Grehndschmaudh), Stadt in der schottischen Grafschaft Stirling an der Vereinigung des Carron u. des Clydeforth Kanals mit dem Forth; große Magazine, lebhafter Küstenhandel; Hafen, bes. von norwegischen u. schwedischen Schiffen mit Flachs,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Grangemouth — (spr. grēndsch möth), Seestadt in Stirlingshire (Schottland), oberhalb der Mündung des Carron in den Firth of Forth, mit 3 Docks (ein neues im Bau), Schiffswerften, neuem Rathaus, bedeutendem Handel (Ausfuhr von Eisen und Steinkohlen) und (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Grangemouth — (spr. grehndschmöth), Hafenstadt in der schott. Grafsch. Stirling an der Mündung des Clydekanals in den Firth of Forth, (1901) 7968 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Grangemouth — Infobox UK place official name= Grangemouth local name= country= Scotland static static image caption= Map of Grangemouth from 1945area footnotes= area total sq mi= area total km2 = population= 17,366 [Falkirk Council / 2001 Census,… …   Wikipedia

  • Grangemouth — Original name in latin Grangemouth Name in other language Grangemouth State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 56.01141 latitude 3.72183 altitude 6 Population 17349 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Grangemouth — geographical name burgh & port central Scotland on Firth of Forth population 21,666 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • GRANGEMOUTH —    (6), a busy port in Stirlingshire, on the Forth, 3 m. NE. of Falkirk; exports iron ware and coal; has excellent docks, and does some shipbuilding …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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