Goulart, João


Goulart, João

▪ Brazilian politician
in full  João Belchior Marques Goulart , byname  Jango  
born March 1, 1918, São Borja, Braz.
died Dec. 6, 1976, Corrientes province, Arg.

      reformist president of Brazil (1961–64) until he was deposed.

      The son of a wealthy rancher, Goulart graduated from the law school of Porto Alegre University in 1939. As a protégé of Getúlio Vargas, the populist president of Brazil (1930–45, 1951–54), Goulart was elected to the Rio Grande do Sul state legislature in 1946 and later became the state's secretary of justice and the interior. In 1953 and 1954 he served under President Vargas as minister of labour, industry, and commerce and worked for labour legislation reform. He was President Juscelino Kubitschek's vice president from 1956 to 1961. Again elected vice president in 1960, he took over the presidency in 1961 after the resignation of President Jânio Quadros, in spite of strong opposition by the military, who accused Goulart of communist sympathies. During his administration he irritated the United States by strengthening ties with communist countries and by undertaking a program of radical reforms. He won passage of a law limiting foreign companies' export of their profits, tried to persuade Congress to approve a controversial land-redistribution program, and, on the eve of his ouster, proposed a package of reforms that would have benefited the working class but was clearly tied to his desire to extend his stay in office. Goulart presided over an economy crippled by galloping inflation, and he was constantly beset by criticism from both the far left and the military. He was deposed by a military coup in 1964 and died in exile at his ranch in northern Argentina.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goulart, João — (1918–1976)    Known as “Jango.” President of Brazil from 1961 to 1964, when he was ousted in a military coup. He was the last civilian president until 1985. Born in the southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul, Goulart grew up on his father’s… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • Goulart, João — ► (1918 76) Político brasileño. Fue presidente de la República en 1961 64 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Goulart, João (Belchior Marques) — born March 1, 1918, São Borja, Braz. died Dec. 6, 1976, Corrientes province, Arg. Reformist president of Brazil (1961–64). Son of a wealthy rancher, he earned a law degree and became a protégé of Pres. Getúlio Vargas, in whose administration he… …   Universalium

  • Goulart, João (Belchior Marques) — (1 mar. 1918, São Borja, Brasil–6 dic. 1976, provincia de Corrientes, Argentina). Presidente reformista de Brasil (1961–64). Hijo de un adinerado ranchero, se graduó en derecho y se convirtió en el protegido del presidente Getülio Vargas, en cuya …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Goulart — Goulart, João …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joao Belchior Marques Goulart — João Goulart João Belchior Marques Goulart en 1962 João Belchior Marques Goulart, ou Jango ( São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul 1er mars 1919 Mercedes, Argentine, 6  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joao Goulart — João Goulart João Belchior Marques Goulart en 1962 João Belchior Marques Goulart, ou Jango ( São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul 1er mars 1919 Mercedes, Argentine, 6  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • João Goulart — João Belchior Marques Goulart (* 1. März 1919[1] in São Borja RS; † 6. Dezember 1976 in Mercedes, Argentinien) war Präsident Brasiliens von 1961 bis 1964. Er ist auch unter sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • João Goulart — Infobox President name=João Goulart nationality=Brazilian term start=September 7, 1961 term end=April 1, 1964 vicepresident=None predecessor=Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli successor=Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli order2=16th Vice President of Brazil term… …   Wikipedia

  • João Goulart — Para otros usos de este término, véase Goulart. João Goulart João Goulart …   Wikipedia Español


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