Gorgas, William Crawford


Gorgas, William Crawford

▪ United States Army surgeon
born Oct. 3, 1854, Mobile, Ala., U.S.
died July 3, 1920, London, Eng.
 U.S. Army surgeon who contributed greatly to the building of the Panama Canal by introducing mosquito control to prevent yellow fever and malaria.

      After receiving his medical degree (1879) from the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York City, Gorgas joined the U.S. Army medical corps in 1880. From 1898 to 1902 he was in charge of sanitation measures in Havana and conducted many experiments on the transmission of yellow fever by the mosquito. Having effectively eliminated yellow fever from the area, he was sent in 1904 as chief sanitary officer to Panama. In two years he eradicated yellow fever from the Canal Zone and brought malaria under control, thus removing the two main obstacles to building the canal.

      Gorgas was appointed surgeon general of the U.S. Army in 1914, where he reformed the medical services during World War I. Upon his retirement in 1918, he became director of the yellow fever control program of the Rockefeller Foundation's International Health Board.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gorgas,William Crawford — Gor·gas (gôrʹgəs), William Crawford. 1854 1920. American army surgeon who suppressed yellow fever in Havana (1898) and in the Panama Canal Zone (1904 1913), thereby making construction of the canal possible. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gorgas, William (Crawford) — born Oct. 3, 1854, Mobile, Ala., U.S. died July 3, 1920, London, Eng. U.S. Army surgeon. Son of the Confederate general Josiah Gorgas (1818–83), he served in the U.S. Army for many years. In charge of sanitation measures in Havana with the army s …   Universalium

  • Gorgas, William (Crawford) — (3 oct. 1854, Mobile, Ala., EE.UU.–3 jul. 1920, Londres, Inglaterra). Cirujano del ejército de EE.UU. Hijo del general confederado Josiah Gorgas (1818–83), sirvió muchos años en el ejército estadounidense. En 1898 estuvo a cargo de las medidas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Crawford Gorgas — noun United States Army surgeon who suppressed yellow fever in Havana and in the Panama Canal Zone (1854 1920) • Syn: ↑Gorgas • Instance Hypernyms: ↑surgeon, ↑operating surgeon, ↑sawbones …   Useful english dictionary

  • William C. Gorgas —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Josiah Gorgas.  William Crawford Gorgas William Crawford Gorgas, né à Toulminville (Alabama) le 3  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crawford — /kraw feuhrd/, n. 1. Cheryl, 1902 86, U.S. stage director and producer. 2. Francis Marion, 1854 1909, U.S. novelist, in Italy after 1885. 3. Thomas, 1813? 57, U.S. sculptor. 4. William Harris, 1772 1834, U.S. political leader: senator 1807 13,… …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Crawford — (as used in expressions) Crawford Seeger, Ruth Ruth Porter Crawford Crawford, Cheryl Crawford, Joan Crawford, William H(arris) Gorgas, William (Crawford) Kelly, Walt(er Crawford) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William — (as used in expressions) William Alexander Abbott Aberhart, William George William Russell Amis, Sir Kingsley (William) Ashley, William Henry Ashton, Sir Frederick (William Mallandaine) Barkley, Alben W(illiam) Bartram, William William Allen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William C. Gorgas — William Crawford Gorgas Cirurgía General de la Armada de los Estados Unidos Años de servicio 1882 1922 …   Wikipedia Español


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