Gómez Farías, Valentín

Gómez Farías, Valentín

▪ president of Mexico

born Feb. 14, 1781, Guadalajara, Mex.
died July 5, 1858, Mexico City

      the leader of Mexican liberalism in the mid-19th century, notable for his social reforms of 1833–34, which earned him the enmity of the clergy, the army, and the gentry. After training as a physician, he was influenced by French liberal political ideas and participated in the Mexican struggle for independence during the 1820s. In 1833 he was elected vice president in the administration of Antonio López de Santa Anna.

      When Santa Anna left the capital, Gómez Farías, in effective control of the government, immediately obtained legislation that reduced the number of generals, ended the special privileges of the military, and created a civilian militia. Personally devout, he nonetheless favoured a complete separation of church and state but succeeded only in severing church control of education, rescinding the compulsory payment of tithes, and permitting members of religious orders to retract their vows. He also reformed the customhouses and eliminated the tobacco monopoly.

      The uproar from the offended interests brought Santa Anna back to the capital, and Gómez Farías was forced to flee to New Orleans (1835). Although his liberalism was out of favour, Gómez Farías persisted in Mexican politics, becoming president for a brief period in 1846, only to be unseated once again by Santa Anna. It was not until 1857 that his daring social reforms became established in the new constitution drafted by Benito Juárez.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gómez Farias, Valentín — ► (1781 1858) Político y médico mexicano. Fue presidente de la República en 1833 y 1846 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Valentín Gómez Farías — Presidente de México 1 de abril de 1833 –  …   Wikipedia Español

  • Valentín Gómez Farías — (* 14. Februar 1781 in Guadalajara, Mexiko; † 5. Juli 1858 in Mexiko Stadt) war ein Politiker und mehrmaliger interimistischer Präsident von Mexiko. Gómez Farías wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valentin Gomez Farias — Valentín Gómez Farías Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gómez. Valentín Gómez Farías Valentín Gómez Farías (14 février 1781 – 5 juillet 1858) était un homme po …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valentín Gómez Farías — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gómez. Valentín Gómez Farías …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gómez Farías (estación) — Gómez Farías Ubicación Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gómez Farías — es el apellido del político mexicano Valentín Gómez Farías, precursor del liberalismo en el siglo XIX y varias veces Presidente de México, en su honor han sido nombrados: Municipio de Gómez Farías (Chihuahua); uno de los 67 municipios del estado… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Valentín Gómez Farías — Infobox President name = Valentín Gómez Farías order = President of Mexico term start = 01 April 1833 term end = 15 May 1833 successor = Antonio López de Santa Anna predecessor = Manuel Gómez Pedraza term start1 = 03 June 1833 term end1 = 18 June …   Wikipedia

  • Gómez Farías — Infobox Settlement name = Gómez Farías settlement type =Municipality other name = native name = nickname = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem type …   Wikipedia

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