Goidelic languages


Goidelic languages

      one of two groups of the modern Celtic languages; the group includes Irish (Irish language), Manx (Manx language), and Scottish Gaelic (Scots Gaelic language). The Goidelic languages originated in Ireland and are distinguished from the other group of Insular Celtic tongues—the Brythonic (Brythonic languages)—by the retention of the sound q (later developing to k, spelled c), where Brythonic has developed a p sound. Both sounds are assumed to be derived from an ancestral form *kw in the Indo-European parent language. (An asterisk identifies a sound as a hypothetical and reconstructed form.) Because of this k (or q) sound, the Goidelic languages are sometimes referred to as Q-Celtic.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Goidelic languages — Infobox Language family name = Goidelic altname = Gaelic region = Ireland, Scotland, Isle of Man familycolor = Indo European fam1 = Indo European fam2 = Celtic fam3 = Insular Celtic child1 = Irish child2 = Scottish Gaelic child3 = ManxThe… …   Wikipedia

  • Languages of the United Kingdom — Languages of country = United Kingdom official = English [Citation url=http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookHomeInternal/139560/ title=United Kingdom; Key Facts publisher=Commonwealth Secretariat accessdate=2008 04 23] main = English >90%… …   Wikipedia

  • Languages of Scotland — Scotland is a land of diverse linguistic and cultural heritage. Various languages spoken there over the years fall into two general categories: Germanic languages and Celtic languages. The classification of the Pictish language was once… …   Wikipedia

  • Goidelic — [goi del′ik] n. [< OIr Góidel: see GAEL] the subdivision of the Celtic languages that includes Scottish Gaelic, Irish, and Manx adj. designating or of this group of languages or the peoples that speak them …   English World dictionary

  • Goidelic — pertaining to the branch of Celtic languages that includes Irish, Gaelic, and Manx, 1882, coined by Sir John Rhys (and first used in his Celtic Britain ), from O.Ir. Goidel Gael (see GAEL (Cf. Gael)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Languages of Europe — Most of the many languages of Europe belong to the Indo European language family. Another major family is the Finno Ugric. The Turkic family also has several European members. The North and South Caucasian families are important in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Goidelic — I. adjective Etymology: Middle Irish Goídel Gaelic, Irishman Date: 1896 1. of, relating to, or characteristic of the Gaels 2. of, relating to, or constituting Goidelic II. noun Date: 1882 the branch of the Celtic languages that includes Irish,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Languages of the Isle of Man — The main language of the Isle of Man is English, predominately the Manx English dialect. Manx, the historical language of the island, is still maintained by a very small speaker population.Both English and Manx are official languages in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Goidelic — [gɔɪ dɛlɪk] noun the northern group of Celtic languages, including Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Manx. Compare with Brythonic. adjective relating to or denoting Goidelic …   English new terms dictionary

  • Goidelic — Goi•del•ic [[t]gɔɪˈdɛl ɪk[/t]] n. 1) peo the subgroup of modern Celtic languages represented by Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Manx, all descended from the speech of Ireland in the early Middle Ages 2) peo of or pertaining to Goidelic or its… …   From formal English to slang


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