Godolphin, Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of, Viscount Rialton, Baron Godolphin of Rialton


Godolphin, Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of, Viscount Rialton, Baron Godolphin of Rialton

▪ English politician
baptized June 15, 1645, Breage, Cornwall, Eng.
died Sept. 15, 1712, St. Albans, Hertfordshire
 British politician and administrator who did much to stabilize British financial administration during the 20 years after the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

      A member of a cadet branch of an ancient Cornish family, Godolphin became page of honour to King Charles II in 1662, beginning a lifetime in court service and court politics. As page he became intimate with John Churchill (later Duke of Marlborough (Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of, Marquess Of Blandford, Earl Of Marlborough, Baron Churchill Of Sandridge, Lord Churchill Of Eyemouth, Reichsfürst)), his lifelong political ally, who was then page to the Duke of York (later James II). The strength of Godolphin's and Churchill's position lay in the favour that they enjoyed at court; Godolphin was created a baron in 1684. After holding several court and diplomatic offices, Godolphin served James II as lord treasurer until the end of his reign in 1688. After the Revolution of 1688, Godolphin immediately obtained office under William III but, nevertheless, maintained contact with agents of the Jacobites, the supporters of the exiled James II. In 1696 his differences with the Whigs came to a head, and he resigned.

      Godolphin was lord treasurer again from 1700 to 1701 and from Queen Anne's (Anne) accession in 1702 until 1710. Godolphin, Marlborough, and Robert Harley (later the 1st Earl of Oxford (Oxford, Robert Harley, 1st Earl of, Earl Mortimer, Baron Harley of Wigmore)) formed the core of Anne's ministry. He persuaded the queen gradually to eject the Tories from office, and with Marlborough he helped bring about union with Scotland (1706–07). He was created Earl of Godolphin (1706) but fell out of favour with the queen when his efforts to control Tory ecclesiastical patronage led to a breach with Harley (1708). Marlborough and Godolphin, however, successfully forced Harley's resignation by threatening a massive Cabinet resignation.

      As lord treasurer, Godolphin gave efficient financial support for Marlborough's military campaigns during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–13), but he had to seek Whig support to remain in office and to continue the war, which became increasingly unpopular. The prosecution of the popular Tory ecclesiastic Henry Sacheverell for his inflammatory anti-Whig sermons brought about the fall of the Whigs in 1710. Despite a long personal friendship, Anne dismissed Godolphin, too, without an audience. His death in 1712 prevented him from enjoying the resurgence of the Whigs at the accession of George I.

      In private life Godolphin was a confirmed gambler and was among the first to improve English racehorses by importing Barb and Arab sires. The famous stallion Godolphin Barb was owned by his son, Francis, the second earl.

Additional Reading
Tresham Lever, Godolphin, His Life and Times (1952); William Calvin Dickinson, Sidney Godolphin, Lord Treasurer 1702–1710 (1990); Roy A. Sundstrom, Sidney Godolphin (1992).John S. Morrill

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin — Sidney Godolphin, first Earl of Godolphin (c. 1645 ndash; September 15, 1712), was a leading British politician of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.Family and early careerHe came from an ancient family of Cornwall. At the… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Godolphin — was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1706 for Sidney Godolphin, 1st Baron Godolphin, the Lord High Treasurer. He was created Viscount Rialton at the same time and had already in 1684 been created Baron Godolphin, of Rialton.… …   Wikipedia

  • Godolphin — Familienwappen der Godolphins Godolphin House Die Familie Godolphin war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of, Marquess Of Blandford, Earl Of Marlborough, Baron Churchill Of Sandridge, Lord Churchill Of Eyemouth, Reichsfürst — ▪ British general Introduction born May 26, 1650, Ashe, Devon, Eng. died June 16, 1722, Windsor, near London  one of England s greatest generals, who led British and allied armies to important victories over Louis XIV of France, notably at… …   Universalium

  • Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin — Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin, PC (3 September 1678 ndash; 17 January 1766) was a British politician, styled Viscount Rialton between 1706 and 1712.Godolphin, only child of Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, was born in Whitehall …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Evelyn, John — born Oct. 31, 1620, Wotton, Surrey, Eng. died Feb. 27, 1706, Wotton British writer. A country gentleman from a wealthy landowning family, he wrote some 30 books on the fine arts, forestry, and religious topics. His Diary (published 1818), which… …   Universalium

  • Sacheverell, Henry — ▪ Anglican clergyman born 1674? died June 5, 1724, London, Eng.       English preacher, an assertively narrow minded supporter of the Anglican state whose impeachment by the Whigs enabled the Tories to win control of the government in 1710.… …   Universalium

  • Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough — For other uses, see Sarah Churchill (actress). Sarah Churchill Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, by Charles Jervas, after 1714[1] Born 5 June 16 …   Wikipedia

  • Carmarthen Ministry — {| cellpadding= 1 cellspacing= 4 style= margin:3px; border:3px solid #000000; align= center border=1 style= border collapse: collapse; !bgcolor= #000000 colspan= 3 align= left |OFFICE||align= left |NAME||align= left |TERM !bgcolor= #000000… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.