Glanville, Ranulf de

Glanville, Ranulf de

▪ English politician and legal scholar
Glanville also spelled  Glanvil, or Glanvill  
born , Stratford St. Andrew, Suffolk, Eng.
died , October?, 1190, Acre, Palestine

      justiciar or chief minister of England (1180–89) under King Henry II who was the reputed author of the first authoritative text on the common law, Tractatus de legibus et consuetudinibus regni Angliae (c. 1188; “Treatise on the Laws and Customs of the Kingdom of England”). This work greatly extended the scope of the common law at the expense of canon law and local law, and in English legal history the period is known as the Age of Glanville. The actual author of the Tractatus, however, may have been either of two later justiciars: Hubert Walter (also archbishop of Canterbury and Glanville's nephew) or Geoffrey Fitzpeter.

      As justiciar, Glanville was, in effect, viceroy of England while Henry II was fighting in France. During his tenure a permanent royal court (Curia Regis) began to sit at Westminster, and the inquest (a forerunner of the jury trial) came to be widely used in cases involving land. Removed from office by Henry's son and successor, Richard I, Glanville subsequently accompanied Richard on the Third Crusade.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glanville, Ranulf de — • Chief Justiciar of England; b. at Stratford, Suffolk, England, date unknown; d. before Acre, Palestine, 1190 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ranulf de Glanville —     Ranulf de Glanville     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ranulf de Glanville     Chief Justiciar of England; b. at Stratford, Suffolk, England, date unknown; d. before Acre, Palestine, 1190. He was of a baronial house which got its name from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • de Glanville — Recorded in a number of forms including de Glanville, Glanville, Glanvill and Glanfield, this is a surname of pre 9th century French origins. It is locational from a place called Glanville in the department of Calvados in the former dukedom of… …   Surnames reference

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  • Siege of Lisbon — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siege of Lisbon partof=the Reconquista and the Second Crusade caption= The Siege of Lisbon by D. Afonso Henriques by Joaquim Rodrigues Braga (1840): a Romantic view date=July 1 – October 24, 1147 place=Lisbon,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ranulph — ist ein männlicher englischer Vorname normannischer Abstammung. Namensherkunft und Bedeutung Ranulf ist ein zusammengesetzter Name aus Ran , das sich vielleicht von dem altnordischen rann (house)[1] oder dem germanischen ragn (Ratschlag,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hubert Walter — • Archbishop of Canterbury (1193 1205); died 13 July, 1205 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hubert Walter     Hubert Walter     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

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