Ghotbzadeh, Sadegh


Ghotbzadeh, Sadegh

▪ Iranian politician
also spelled  Ṣādiq Quṭbzādeh 
born 1936, Iran
died September 15, 1982, Tehrān

      Iranian politician who helped establish Iran as an Islamic republic and was foreign minister of the country from 1979 to 1980.

      Involved in anti-shah activities, Ghotbzadeh was imprisoned briefly and at age 24 left Iran. He lived in various countries, including France and the United States, but continued to lead opposition to Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (Reza Shah Pahlavi) and was a supporter of the National Front, a party headed by Mohammad Mosaddeq (Mosaddeq, Mohammad). Ghotbzadeh joined Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (Khomeini, Ruhollah) during the latter's exile and became one of his closest associates, helping him plan the overthrow of the monarchy.

      Following the Iranian Revolution that brought Khomeini to power in 1979, Ghotbzadeh was appointed head of the National Iranian Radio and Television. During the crisis (Iran hostage crisis) caused by the detention of U.S. citizens following the seizure of the U.S. embassy in Tehrān, he was appointed foreign minister. His attempts to resolve the situation diplomatically, however, angered the country's ruling clerics. Ghotbzadeh finally resigned in 1980 over the deadlock in negotiations. That year, after he was arrested and briefly detained after criticizing the ruling Islamic Republican Party, he retired from public life. In 1982 he was arrested on charges of plotting against the regime. Although he denied any conspiracy to take Khomeini's life, he apparently admitted complicity with Ayatollah Mohammad Kazem Shariat-Madari (Shariat-Madari, Mohammad Kazem) in a plot to overthrow the government. Ghotbzadeh was convicted in August 1982 and executed the following month.

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