also spelled  Gilzai, Ghilzai, or Ghaljai,  

      one of the largest of the Pashto-speaking tribes in Afghanistan, whose traditional territory extended from Ghazni and Kalat-i-Ghilzai eastward into the Indus Valley. They are reputed to be descended at least in part from the Khalaj or Khilji Turks, who entered Afghanistan in the 10th century. The Lodi, who established a dynasty on the throne of Delhi in Hindustan (1450–1526), were a branch of the Ghilzay, and in the early 18th century Mir Vais Khan, a Ghilzay chieftain, captured Kandahar and established an independent kingdom there (1709–15). From this capital his son Mahmud conquered Persia.

      Some of the Ghilzay had long been nomadic merchants, buying goods in India, where they wintered, and in summer transporting these by camel caravan for sale or barter in Afghanistan. In the late 19th century Afghan nomads began to enter the central mountains of Afghanistan, and several summer trading camps were established in the western mountains. Also, former stockbreeding nomads, who had always obtained grain and other necessities from villagers along their route, increased their trading activities. Some acquired land and, in summer, moved from one tenant-cultivated property to another. In eastern Afghanistan many Ghilzay have become settled cultivators.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afghanistan — /af gan euh stan /, n. a republic in central Asia, NW of India and E of Iran. 23,738,085; 250,000 sq. mi. (647,500 sq. km). Cap.: Kabul. * * * Afghanistan Introduction Afghanistan Background: Afghanistan s recent history is characterized by war… …   Universalium

  • Nādir Shah — born Oct. 22, 1688, Kobhan, Ṣafavid Iran died June 1747, near Fatḥābād Iranian conqueror and ruler. Originally a bandit of the Turkish Afshar tribes, he helped restore Ṭahmāsp II of the Safavid dynasty to Iran s throne, defeating the Ghilzay… …   Universalium

  • Afsharides — Dynastie des Afsharides سلسله افشار (fa) 1736 – 1749 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Esfahan — Esfahán [es΄fä han′] city in WC Iran: capital of Persia in the 17th cent.: pop. 1,127,000 * * * Es·fa·han (ĕs fə hänʹ) or Is·fa·han (ĭs ) A city of central Iran south of Tehran. An ancient town and capital of Persia from 1598 to 1722, it was long …   Universalium

  • Pashtun — [push to͞on′] n. pl. Pashtun or Pashtuns a member of a Pashto speaking people of E Afghanistan and N Pakistan * * * Any member of a Pashto speaking people of southeastern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan. The Pashtun, who number about 7.5… …   Universalium

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Kandahar — /kun deuh hahr /, n. a city in S Afghanistan. 115,000. * * * ▪ Afghanistan also spelled  Qandahār   city in south central Afghanistan. It lies on a plain next to the Tarnak River, at an elevation of about 3,300 feet (1,000 metres). It is southern …   Universalium

  • Amin, Hafizullah — ▪ president of Afghanistan born August 1, 1929, Paghmān, Afghanistan died December 27, 1979, Kabul       leftist politician who briefly served as the president of Afghanistan in 1979.       Amin was born into a Ghilzay Pashtun family. After… …   Universalium

  • Durrānī — ▪ people, Afghanistan also spelled  Durānī,  formerly  Abdālī,         one of the two chief tribal confederations of Afghanistan, the other being the Ghilzay. In the time of Nāder Shāh the Durrānī were granted lands in the region of Qandahār,… …   Universalium

  • Nadir Sha — (22 oct. 1688, Kobhan, Irán bajo los safawí–jun. 1747, cerca de Fathabad). Conquistador y gobernante iraní. Originalmente un bandido de las tribus turcas afshar, ayudó a restituir en el trono de Irán a FONT face=TahomaṬahmāsp II, de la dinastía… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.