Ghaznī


Ghaznī

formerly  Ghazna 
 city, east-central Afghanistan. It lies beside the Ghaznī River on a high plateau at an elevation of 7,300 feet (2,225 m). Afghanistan's only remaining walled town, it is dominated by a 150-foot- (45-metre-) high citadel built in the 13th century. Around the nearby village of Rowẓeh-e Sultan, on the old road to Kābul (the nation's capital, 80 miles [130 km] northeast), are the ruins of ancient Ghazna, including two 140-foot (43-metre) towers and the tomb of Maḥmūd of Ghazna (971–1030), the most powerful emir (or sultan) of the Ghaznavid Dynasty.

      Ghaznī's early history is obscure; it has probably existed at least since the 7th century. Early in the 11th century, under Maḥmūd of Ghazna, the town became the capital of the vast empire of the Ghaznavids, Afghanistan's first Muslim dynasty. The dynasty lost much of its power later in the same century, and Ghaznī was sacked in 1150–51 by the Ghūrids. The town was fought over by various peoples before the Mongols secured it by 1221. They ruled the area until Timur (Tamerlane), the Turkic conqueror, arrived in the 14th century, and his descendants ruled it until 1504, when the Indian Mughals took Ghaznī and Kābul. In 1747, under Aḥmad Shāh Durrānī, Ghaznī became part of the new Afghan kingdom. It was captured by the British during the First Anglo-Afghan War (1839–42). Ghaznī recovered some importance when it became the main town on the Kābul-Qandahār highway.

      Ghaznī is now a chief commercial and industrial centre of Afghanistan, dealing in livestock, furs, silk, and agricultural products. Pop. (2006 est.) 48,700.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ghazni — Ghazni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ghaznî — Ghazni (ville) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ghazni. Ghazni Vue du Minaret Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghazni —   [ z , arabisch r ], Ghazna, Ghasni, Ghasna, Gazni, Stadt in Südostafghanistan, 2 138 m über dem Meeresspiegel, etwa 30 000 Einwohner, an der Asphaltstraße Kabul Kandahar; Handelszentrum; Metall und Lede …   Universal-Lexikon

  • GHAZNI — Située à 145 km au sud ouest de K bul (Afgh nist n) et à 2 200 m d’altitude, Ghazn 稜 (ou Ghazna, Rhazn 稜, Rhazna), aujourd’hui bourgade de 10 000 habitants, fut une capitale brillante et raffinée du Xe au XIIIe siècle. Peut être existait il en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ghazni — Infobox City in Afghanistan official name = Ghazni native name = province name = Ghazni image size = image caption = latd = 33.550 longd = 68.417 districts = population total = 141000|population as of = 2006 population footnote = [Central… …   Wikipedia

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  • Ghazni — Original name in latin Ghazni Name in other language GZI, Gazni, Ghazni, Ghazn Shahr e Ghazni, Shahr e Ghazn gazni, gazuni, ghznt, ghzny, ghznyn, Газни State code AF Continent/City Asia/Kabul longitude 33.55391 latitude 68.42096 altitude 2179… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ghazni — 1 Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Ghaznī Country and Admin Code AF.08 AF 2 Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Ghaznī Country and Admin Code AF.08.7052956 AF …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Ghazni — geographical name city E central Afghanistan; once capital of a Muslim kingdom extending from the Tigris to the Ganges population 35,900 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ghaznī — ► Provincia del E de Afganistán; 31 329 km2 y 676 416 h. Cap., la c. homónima (31 985 h), antigua cap. del Imperio de los gaznávidas …   Enciclopedia Universal


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