George Town


George Town

also spelled  Georgetown , also called  Penang , or  Pinang 

      leading port of Malaysia, situated on a triangular promontory in the northeastern sector of the island of Penang (Pinang). Its sheltered harbour is separated from the west coast of Peninsular (West) Malaysia by a 3-mile (5-km) channel through which international shipping approaches from the north to avoid the many shallows of the southern route.

      The town was founded as Fort Cornwallis in 1786 by Captain Francis Light of the British East India Company and flourished as a port of call for shipping on the India-China run. It became for a time the capital and commercial centre of the Straits Settlements. A restored Fort Cornwallis, St. George's Church (1817), and the Esplanade recall the town's colonial past. As a thriving entrepôt, George Town attracted Chinese (mainly Hokkien and Cantonese) and Indian traders. Although Chinese and European culture predominates, there is a sizable Malay minority in the city.

      Industries in the southern suburbs include tin smelting, rice and coconut-oil milling, and the manufacture of soap and of rattan and bamboo articles. Industrial estates at Bayan Lepas are the site of electronics assembly plants. Most of the mainland's exports are ferried or brought by lighter to George Town from the smaller ports of Butterworth and Perai, which cannot handle oceangoing vessels. The bulk of the Malay Peninsula's cargo, previously channeled through the east-coast ports, now moves through George Town. Major exports include tin, rubber, and copra. The University of Science of Malaysia (founded 1969) is at Minden Barracks on the outskirts. Also on the outskirts is the city's most spectacular temple, the Kek Lok Si Temple, or, as it is sometimes called, the Million Buddhas Precious Pagoda, a complex of structures on three levels with thousands of gilded Buddhas. George Town's cultural and architectural traditions were recognized in 2008 when UNESCO designated the city a World Heritage site. Pop. (2000 prelim.) 180,573.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Town FC — George Town SC Voller Name George Town Sports Club Ort George Town Gegründet n …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Town SC — Voller Name George Town Sports Club Ort George Town Gegründet n.b …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Town —   [ dʒɔːdʒ taʊn], Pinạng, Hauptstadt des Gliedstaates Pinang, West Malaysia, im Nordosten der Insel Pinang, 219 400 meist chinesische Einwohner; naturwissenschaftliche Universität (1968 gegründet), Exportindustriezone; Überseehafen,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • George Town — George Town, (antigua Pinang o Penang), ciudad del noroeste de Malasia, situada en la isla de Pinang. * * * ► C. de la Federación de Malaysia Occidental, cap. del estado de Pinang, en la isla de este nombre; 248 231 h. También llamada Penang o… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Town — Georgetown oder George Town ist der Name folgender Ortschaften: Georgetown (Ascension) Georgetown (Gambia), Gambia Georgetown (Guyana), (bis 1814 Stabroek ) Georgetown (Trinidad) Georgetown, Trinidad und Tobago, der heutige Name ist Mount Saint… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Town — 1 Original name in latin George Town Name in other language Dzhordzh Taun, GEE, George Town, Georgetown, Джордж Таун State code AU Continent/City Australia/Hobart longitude 41.10559 latitude 146.82606 altitude 12 Population 4268 Date 2012 02 28 2 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • George Town — Para otros usos de este término, véase George Town (desambiguación). Malaca y George Town, históricas ciudades del estrecho de Malaca¹ Patrimonio de la Humanidad Unesco …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Town SC — Football club infobox clubname = George Town SC fullname = George Town SC nickname = founded = 1996 ground = The Annex George Town, Cayman Islands capacity = 2,500 chairman = manager = league = Cayman Islands League season = 2006 position =… …   Wikipedia

  • George Town — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. George Town (Tasmanie) en Australie George Town (Bahamas) George Town (Îles Caïmans) (capitale) George Town (Penang), Malaisie Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Town — noun the capital of the Cayman Islands • Instance Hypernyms: ↑capital • Part Holonyms: ↑Cayman Islands * * * ˈjȯrjˌtau̇n, ˈjȯ(ə)j adjective Usage: usually capitalized G&T Etymology: from George Town, Federation of Malay …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.