Geoffrey IV


Geoffrey IV

▪ count of Anjou
also called  Geoffrey Plantagenet,  byname  Geoffrey The Fair,  French  Geoffroi Plantagenet, or Geoffroi Le Bel 
born Aug. 24, 1113
died Sept. 7, 1151, Le Mans, Maine [France]

      count of Anjou (1131–51), Maine, and Touraine and ancestor of the Plantagenet kings of England through his marriage, in June 1128, to Matilda (q.v.), daughter of Henry I of England. On Henry's death (1135), Geoffrey claimed the duchy of Normandy; he finally conquered it in 1144 and ruled there as duke until he gave it to his son Henry (later King Henry II of England) in 1150.

      Geoffrey was popular with the Normans, but he had to suppress a rebellion of malcontent Angevin nobles. After a short war with Louis VII of France, Geoffrey signed a treaty (August 1151) by which he surrendered the whole of Norman Vexin (the border area between Normandy and Île-de-France) to Louis.

▪ duke of Brittany
also called  Geoffrey Plantagenet,  French  Geoffroi Plantagenet 
born Sept. 23, 1158
died Aug. 19?, 1186, Paris [France]

      duke of Brittany and earl of Richmond, the fourth, but third surviving, son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

      In 1166, in furtherance of his father's policy of extending and consolidating Angevin power in France, Geoffrey was betrothed to Constance, daughter and heir of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany. At the same time, Duke Conan was forced to surrender to Henry II for Geoffrey's use the whole duchy of Brittany except the county of Guingamp. Geoffrey received the homage of the Breton nobles in 1169, and in 1173 he joined the rebellion against Henry II led by his eldest brother, Henry, the “Young King,” and supported by the rulers of France, Scotland, and Flanders. He submitted to his father at Michaelmas, 1174, and was sent back to Brittany, where he proceeded to recover lost ducal estates and subdue rebellious barons. He and Constance were married in 1181.

      From then until his death he fought against both his brother Richard the Lion-Heart and his father (toward whom he behaved atrociously), largely for possession of Anjou. In 1185 he issued an “assize” at Rennes regularizing the succession to military fiefs in Brittany. He died at Paris, either of illness or in a tournament, leaving a daughter, Eleanor, and a posthumous son, Arthur I.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geoffrey — ist ein englischer männlicher Vorname, der in mittelenglischer Zeit aus anglonormannisch Geoffroy, Geoffroi entlehnt wurde und in letzter Instanz auf germanisch Gaufrid (Namensvariante von Gautfrid, von gaut Gote und frid Friede, Schutz )… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geoffrey — Geoffrey, Geoffroy, Jeffrey, Jeff, etc. may refer to:People with Geoffrey as the full name: * Geoffrey of Monmouth, clergyman and one of the major figures in the development of British history * Geoffrey I of Anjou (died 987) * Geoffrey II of… …   Wikipedia

  • Geoffrey — m English: of Germanic (Frankish and Lombard) origin, introduced to Britain by the Normans. It was in regular use among the counts of Anjou, ancestors of the English royal house of Plantagenet, who were descended from Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count… …   First names dictionary

  • Geoffrey —   [ dʒefrɪ], Geoffrey of Monmouth [ əf mɔnməθ], deutsch Gọttfried von Monmouth, lateinisch Galfridus Monemutẹnsis, englischer Geschichtsschreiber, * Monmouth um 1100, ✝ Llandaff (bei Cardiff) 1154; seit 1152 Bischof von Saint Asaph (County… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Geoffrey — masc. personal name, attested in England by late 11c., from O.Fr. Geuffroi, from M.L. Gaufridus, from O.H.G. gewi district (Ger. Gau) + fridu peace (see FREE (Cf. free)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Geoffrey — [jef′rē] n. [ME Geffrey < OFr Geoffroi < Gmc Walafrid < * wala , traveler + * frithu, peace (> Ger friede)] a masculine name: dim. Geoff, Jeff; var. Jeffrey …   English World dictionary

  • Geoffrey — /jef ree/, n. a male given name: from Germanic, meaning divine peace. * * * (as used in expressions) Chaucer Geoffrey Dawson George Geoffrey George Geoffrey Robinson De Havilland Sir Geoffrey Derby Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley 14th earl… …   Universalium

  • Geoffrey II — ▪ count of Anjou byname  Geoffrey Martel,  French  Geoffroi Martel  born Oct. 14, 1006 died Nov. 14, 1060, Angers, Anjou [France]       count of Anjou (1040–60), whose territorial ambitions, though making him troublesome to his father, Fulk III… …   Universalium

  • Geoffrey — (as used in expressions) Chaucer, Geoffrey Dawson, George Geoffrey George Geoffrey Robinson De Havilland, Sir Geoffrey Derby, Edward (George Geoffrey Smith) Stanley, 14 conde de Geoffrey de Monmouth Taylor, Sir Geoffrey Ingram …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geoffrey Ma — The Honourable Mr. Justice Geoffrey Ma Tao li 馬道立 …   Wikipedia


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