Gentili, Alberico

Gentili, Alberico

▪ Italian jurist
born Jan. 14, 1552, San Ginesio, Papal States [Italy]
died June 19, 1608, London, Eng.

      Italian jurist considered by many to be the founder of the science of international law and said to have been the first in western Europe to separate secular law from Roman Catholic theology and canon law.

      A graduate of the University of Perugia, Italy (doctor of civil law, 1572), Gentili was exiled from Italy in 1579 because of his Protestantism. From 1581 until his death he taught at the University of Oxford, becoming well known for his lectures on Roman law and for his numerous writings.

      In 1588 Gentili published De jure belli commentatio prima (“First Commentary on the Law of War”), the first of a three-volume series. A complete, revised edition appeared in 1598 as De jure belli libri tres (Three Books on the Law of War). In his view, international law should comprise the actual practices of civilized nations, tempered by moral (but not specifically religious) considerations. Although he rejected the authority of the church, he used the reasoning of the canon law as well as the civil law whenever it suited his purpose. The Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius (Grotius, Hugo), in writing the much better known De Jure Belli ac Pacis (1625; On the Law of War and Peace), drew extensively on Gentili's work.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Alberico Gentili — (Lat. Albericus Gentilis; January 14, 1552 ndash;June 19, 1608), was an Italian jurist. He later became regius professor of civil law at the University of Oxford and is one of the first writers on public international law.LifeAlberico Gentili was …   Wikipedia

  • Alberico Gentili — Alberico Gentili. Alberico Gentili (lat. Albericus Gentilis; * 14. Januar 1552 in San Ginesio; † 19. Juni 1608 in London) war ein italienischer Jurist, königlicher Professor (Regius Professor) für Zivilrecht an der Universität Oxford und Autor im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GENTILI (A.) — GENTILI ALBERICO (1552 1608) Juriste et philosophe italien, né à San Ginesio, Alberico Gentili suit d’abord les cours de l’université de Pérouse qui supplante alors, depuis déjà longtemps, l’école de Bologne; en effet la fameuse école des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alberico Gentili — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gentili. Alberico Gentili Alberico Gentili (né le 14 janvier 1552 à San Ginesio, dan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gentili — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alberico Gentili (lat. Albericus Gentilis; 1552–1608), italienischer Jurist Bruno Gentili (* 1915), italienischer Klassischer Philologe Giorgio Gentili ( 1669–1731+), italienischer Komponist und Violinist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gentili — is an Italian surname, and may refer to:* Alberico Gentili * Aloysius Gentili * Amilcare Gentili * Scipione Gentiliee also* Gentile (surname) …   Wikipedia

  • Gentili — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Gentili est un patronyme italien, porté par plusieurs personnalités, de nationalité italienne ou d origine italienne (par ordre alphabétique) :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scipione Gentili — (Latin: Scipio Gentilis ; 1563 August 7 1616), was an Italian law professor and a legal writer. One of his six brothers was Alberico Gentili who is famous as one of the founders of public international law.Born at San Ginesio, Scipione Gentili… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Gen — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • international law — the body of rules that nations generally recognize as binding in their conduct toward one another. Also called law of nations. Cf. private international law, public international law. [1830 40] * * * Body of legal rules, norms, and standards that …   Universalium

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