Gazankulu


Gazankulu

▪ historical region, South Africa
also called  Machanganaland, or Matshangana-tsonga,  

      former nonindependent Bantustan, northeastern Transvaal, South Africa, designated for the Shangaan and Tsonga people. It was made up of four detached portions of low veld, two of which adjoined Kruger National Park. The Tsonga people, the traditional inhabitants of the area, were joined by 19th-century Shangaan migrants from what is now Mozambique, culminating in a final wave of refugees after the Gaza kingdom (ruled by the Shangaan chief, Gungunhana) was conquered by the Portuguese in 1898.

      Gazankulu had a territorial assembly from 1962 until 1972, when a legislative assembly was created. The Bantustan became officially self-governing in 1973 and held an election the same year. The capital was Giyani, in the northern detached portion of Gazankulu. Under the South African constitution that abolished the apartheid system, Gazankulu was reincorporated into South Africa as part of the new Northern (now Limpopo) province in 1994.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gazankulu — 1973 – 1994 Drapeau Hymne : Nkosi sikelel iAfrika (Dieu bénisse l Afrique) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gazankulu —   [ z ], ehemaliges Homeland im Osten der Republik Südafrika. Gazankulu wurde 1962 im Rahmen der Apartheid Politik geschaffen, erhielt 1973 innere Autonomie und wurde 1994 vollständig in die Republik Südafrika wieder eingegliedert …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gazankulu — Flagge von Gazankulu Lage von Gazankulu Gazankulu war ein Homeland im Nordosten von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gazankulu — Infobox Former Country native name = Ciskei conventional long name = Republic of Gazanku common name = Gazanku continent = Africa region = Southern Africa country = South Africa status = Bantustan empire = event start = Self government year start …   Wikipedia

  • Gazankulu — /gazaŋˈkulu/ (say gahzahng koohlooh) noun a former Bantustan in South Africa; abolished in 1993 and included in Northern Province (now Limpopo) and Mpumalanga in 1994 …   Australian English dictionary

  • List of Chief Ministers of Gazankulu — Leaders of Gazankulu (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Machangana 1 July 1971 to 1 February 1973 Hudson William Edison Ntsanwisi, Chief Councillor   Gazankulu (Self Rule) …   Wikipedia

  • Chief Ministers of Gazankulu — Leaders of Gazankulu = (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Political Affiliation XPP – Ximoko Progressive Partyee also*Bantustan *President of South Africa *List of State Presidents of South Africa *List of Prime Ministers …   Wikipedia

  • Machangana — Gazankulu Gazankulu 1973   1994 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Газанкулу* — (Gazankulu)Gazankulu, бывш. самоуправляемая территория народа тсонга в пров. Трансвааль, ЮАР. В 1973г. там была учреждена резервация; 495000 чел …   Страны мира. Словарь


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