Gary, Romain


Gary, Romain

▪ French author
original name  Romain Kacew , pseudonyms  Émile Ajar ,  Shatan Bogat ,  Lucien Brûlard ,  René Deville , and  Fosco Sinibaldi 
born May 8, 1914, Vilnius, Lith., Russian Empire
died Dec. 2, 1980, Paris, France

      Lithuanian-born French novelist whose first work, L'Éducation européenne (1945; Forest of Anger), won him immediate acclaim. Humanistic and optimistic despite its graphic depictions of the horrors of World War II, the novel was later revised and reissued in English as Nothing Important Ever Dies (1960).

      Gary's novels mix humour with tragedy and faith with cynicism. Les Couleurs du jour (1952; The Colors of the Day), set in Nice at Carnival, and La Danse de Gengis Cohn (1967; The Dance of Genghis Cohn), in which the ghost of a Jewish stand-up comedian takes possession of his Nazi executioner, are comic novels nonetheless informed by serious moral considerations. Les Racines du ciel (1956; The Roots of Heaven), winner of the Prix Goncourt, balances a visionary conception of freedom and justice against a pessimistic comprehension of man's cruelty and greed. Other works by Gary include Le Grand Vestiare (1948; The Company of Men), a novel set in postwar Paris; Lady L (French and English versions, 1959), a social satire; La Promesse de l'aube (1960; Promise at Dawn), an autobiography; Clair de femme (1977; “The Light of a Woman”); and Les Cerf-volants (1980; “The Kites”). Published under the name Émile Ajar, Gary's novel La Vie devant soi (1975; The Life Before Us, or Momo) also won the Prix Goncourt—a violation of the rules of the prize, which allow an author to receive it only once.

      During World War II Gary joined Gen. Charles de Gaulle (Gaulle, Charles de) in London. Already trained as an aviator, Gary served with the Free French Forces in Europe and North Africa, earning the Croix de Guerre and Compagnon de la Libération. For 20 years following the war, he served in French diplomatic service. From 1956 to 1960 he was French consul general in Los Angeles.

Additional Reading
Ralph Schoolcraft, Romain Gary: The Man Who Sold His Shadow (2002), is a critical biography.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gary, Romain — (Romain Kacewgari / May 8, 1914, Wilno, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania) December 2, 1980, Paris, France)    The son of Polish Jews, he settled in France with his mother at age fourteen. Having graduated with a bachelor s degree in law, he… …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Gary, Romain — ► (1914 80) Seudónimo de Romain Kacew, escritor francés. Escribió novelas, teatro y ensayo. Autor de la trilogía La comedia americana (1966 70) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gary, Romain — pseud. di Kacew, Romain …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Gary, Romain — (1914 80)    French novelist. Born in Vilna, he moved to Poland when he was seven, and in 1926 settled in Nice. He served in the French diplomatic service and was consul general in Los Angeles from 1956 to 1960. His A European Education includes… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Romain Kacew — Romain Gary Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gary. Romain Gary Statue de Romain Gary à Vilnius Nom de naissance Roman Kacew Autres noms Émile Ajar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Romain Gary — (Roman Kacew), escritor y diplomático judío ruso, nacionalizado francés, (1914 1980). Contenido 1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • GARY (R.) — GARY ROMAIN (1914 1980) Né en Russie, moitié tartare et moitié juif, Romain Gary a commencé à s’illustrer, durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, comme aviateur français au sein de l’escadrille Lorraine. Son courage et sa puissance physique lui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Romain Gary — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gary. Romain Gary Nom de naissance Roman Kacew Autres noms Émile Ajar, Shatan Bogat, Fosco Sinibaldi Activités diplomate, écrivain, cinéaste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gary — ► C. del N de E.U.A., al NO del estado de Indiana; 116 650 h. Gary, Romain * * * (as used in expressions) Becker, Gary S(tanley) Cooper, Gary Gary, Elbert H(enry) Player, Gary (Jim) Snyder, Gary (Sherman) Wozniak, Stephen G(ary) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Romain Gary — (Geburtsname Roman Kacew [1]; * 8. Mai 1914 in Vilnius, Litauen (Geburts Nationalität russisch); † 2. Dezember 1980 in Paris, Frankreich) war ein französisch jüdischer Pilot, Schriftsteller, Regisseur, Übersetzer und Diplomat. Er schrieb ganz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia