- Gallas, Matthias, Count Von Campo, Duke Von Lucera
▪ Austrian generalborn September 16, 1584, Trento [Italy]died April 25, 1647, Vienna, Austriaimperial general whose ineffectiveness severely damaged the Habsburg cause in the latter stages of the Thirty Years' War.Albrecht von Wallenstein (Wallenstein, Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von, Herzog von Friedland, Herzog von Mecklenburg, Fürst Von Sagen), impressed by Gallas' military exploits in battles of the middle and late 1620s, entrusted him with important commands (1631–33) against Gustav II Adolf of Sweden and Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar; but Gallas, together with Ottavio Piccolomini, was instrumental in the overthrow of Wallenstein, after whose murder (1634) he obtained the supreme command of the army. Although Gallas was victor in the first of the battles of Nördlingen in 1634, carelessness and drunkenness thereafter marred his conduct of the war, and he became known as the “destroyer of armies,” especially after his disastrous campaigns of 1637, 1638, and 1644, each of which resulted in the annihilation of his troops. Eventually he was forced to resign his command.
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Matthias Gallas — Matthias Gallas. Matthias Gallas, Graf von Campo und Herzog von Lucera (Count of Campo, Duke of Lucera) (Matteo Gallasso; Trento 1584 – Vienna 1647), was an Austrian soldier, who first saw service in Flanders, then in Savoy with the Spaniards,… … Wikipedia
Nördlingen, Battle of — ▪ European history  (Sept. 5–6, 1634), battle fought near Nördlingen in southern Germany. A crushing victory for the Habsburgs (Habsburg, House of) in the Thirty Years War, it ended Swedish domination in southern Germany, and it led France … Universalium
Piccolomini-Pieri, Ottavio, duca d'Amalfi — ▪ Austrian general from 1650 Reichsfürst (imperial prince) Piccolomini Pieri born Nov. 11, 1599, Florence died Aug. 11, 1656, Vienna general and diplomat in the service of the House of Habsburg during the Thirty Years War (1618–48) and… … Universalium