Luiseño


Luiseño
Lui·se·ño (lwē-sānʹyō) n. pl. Luiseño or Lui·se·ños
1.
a. A Native American people inhabiting the coastal area of California south of Los Angeles, associated during Spanish times with the missions of San Luis Rey and San Juan Capistrano.
b. A member of this people.
2. The Uto-Aztecan language of the Luiseño.
  [American Spanish, from SanLuis Rey de Francia, a mission in southern California.]

* * *

people
also called  Juaneño 

      North American Indians who spoke a Uto-Aztecan (Uto-Aztecan languages) language and inhabited a region extending from what is now Los Angeles to San Diego, Calif., U.S. Some of the group were named Luiseño after the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia; others were called Juaneño because of their association with the Mission San Juan Capistrano. Early ethnographers classified the two into separate cultures, but they are now regarded as one group.

      Although some Luiseño lived on the Pacific coast, where they fished and gathered mollusks, the great majority lived in the inland hills and valleys. As with many other California Indians (California Indian), they subsisted on acorns, seeds, fruits, and roots as well as game hunted with bows and arrows or snares. In the warm climate the men wore nothing, and the women wore an apron front and back.

      Luiseño people lived in villages of semisubterranean earth-covered lodges and were apparently organized in small kin-based groups clustered into clans or quasi-clans; these had territorial, political, and economic functions. Everyone belonged to religious societies, which had both ceremonial and political functions. Several family groupings had chiefs, and in most areas there was apparently a chief of chiefs.

      The Luiseño were mystics, and their conception of a great, all-powerful, avenging god was uncommon for aboriginal North America. In deference to this god, Chingichnish, they held a series of initiation ceremonies for boys, some of which involved a drug made from jimsonweed (Datura stramonium). This was drunk to inspire visions or dreams of the supernatural, which were central to the Luiseño religion. Equally important were mourning ceremonies, a series of funerary observances and anniversary commemorations of the dead. shamanism and medicine men (medicine man) were important in curing disease.

      Population estimates indicated approximately 9,000 Juaneño and Luiseño descendants in the early 21st century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Luiseno — Luiseño Luiseño Populations significatives par régions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luiseño — Populations  États Unis Autre Langue(s) Luise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luiseño — The Luiseño are a Native American people who at the time of the first contacts with the Spanish in the 16th century inhabited the coastal area of southern California, ranging 50 miles from the southern part of Los Angeles County, California to… …   Wikipedia

  • Luiseño — Luiseños Otros nombres Payomkawichum (autónimo: Pueblo del Oeste ) Población total 2500 (incluyendo juaneños) Idioma Luiseño Juaneño Religión Catolicismo …   Wikipedia Español

  • luiseño — ˌlüēˈsān(ˌ)yō noun (plural luiseño or luiseños) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: American Spanish, from San Luis Rey de Francia, mission in California + Spanish eño (suffix added to place names to form names of inhabitants) 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Luiseno — ISO 639 3 Code : lui ISO 639 2/B Code : lui ISO 639 2/T Code : lui ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • luiseño — lu·i·se·ño …   English syllables

  • Luiseño traditional narratives — include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Luiseño people of southwestern California.Luiseño oral literature is very similar to that of the Luiseño sTakic speaking relatives to the north and east, and also to that of their …   Wikipedia

  • Luiseño (langue) — Luiseño Parlée aux  États Unis Région   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luiseño language — language name=Luiseño states=USA region=Southern California speakers=30–40 familycolor=American fam1=Uto Aztecan fam2=Northern Uto Aztecan fam3=Takic fam4=Cupan iso2=lui|iso3=luiThe Luiseño language is an Uto Aztecan language of California spoken …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.