Fuchs, Leonhard


Fuchs, Leonhard

▪ German botanist and physician
born Jan. 17, 1501, Wemding, Bavaria [Germany]
died May 10, 1566, Tübingen, Württemberg [Germany]

      German botanist and physician whose botanical work Historia Stirpium (1542) is a landmark in the development of natural history because of its organized presentation, the accuracy of its drawings and descriptions of plants, and its glossary.

 Fuchs obtained a humanistic education under Catholic guidance but later adhered to Protestantism. He studied medicine and became a professor at Tübingen. He was most interested in the medicinal properties of plants, and his book was intended primarily as a guide for plant collection. Well acquainted with the Greek and Latin classics, and an excellent observer, he gave precise descriptions, and his beautiful woodcuts of plants established the tradition of representing plants by means of accurate illustrations. He presented the plants in alphabetical order; for each one he gave an account of its form and habitat, the best season for collection, and what he called its temperament and powers. Only under the subject of powers did he refer to ancient authorities. His name is commemorated by a genus of flowering plants (Fuchsia; see photograph—>).
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fuchs , Leonhard — (1501–1566) German botanist and physician Fuchs was born in Wemding, now in Germany, and was professor of medicine at Tübingen University from 1535 until his death, his main interest being the medicinal properties of plants. He is remembered for… …   Scientists

  • Fuchs, Leonhard — ► (1501 66) Médico y botánico alemán. Célebre por sus aportaciones a la botánica medicinal. El gen. Fuchsia fue denominado en honor suyo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fuchs' Knabenkraut — (Dactylorhiza fuchsii) Systematik Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuchs Knabenkraut — (Dactylorhiza fuchsii) Systematik Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuchs — Fuchs, Leonhard Fuchs, sir Vivian …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fuchs [5] — Fuchs, Leonhard, Botaniker, geb. 17. Jan. 1501 zu Wembdingen (Bayern), Prof. der Medizin in Tübingen, gest. das. 10. Mai 1566; durch seine Hauptwerke: »De historia stirpium« (1545) und »Nev Kreuterbuch« (1543 u. 1545) einer der Väter der Botanik …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fuchs — is German for Fox .It is also commonly used as a family name and as a designation for a German tank.As a surname, in English, the name is often pronounced IPA|/fuːks/ (rendered in IPA; the /uː/ phoneme is an English long u ), IPA|/fʊks/ (rhyming… …   Wikipedia

  • Leonhard Ruben — (auch: Leonard Ruben; * 7. Mai 1551 in Essen; † 15./16. Oktober 1609 in Paderborn) war Jesuit und späterer Abt des Benediktinerklosters Abdinghof in Paderborn. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Familie 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuchs’ Knabenkraut — Fuchs Knabenkraut Fuchs Knabenkraut (Dactylorhiza fuchsii) Systematik Familie: Orchideen (Orchidaceae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fuchs [4] — Fuchs, 1) Leonhard v. F., geb. 1501 zu Wemdingen in Schwaben, war zuerst Schullehrer daselbst, wurde 1521 Professor der Medicin in Ingolstadt, dann in Ansbach, 1526 wieder in Ingolstadt u. 1535 in Tübingen, wo er 1565 starb. Er war Vertheidiger… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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