Frederick VI


Frederick VI

▪ king of Denmark and Norway

born Jan. 28, 1768, Christiansborg Castle, Denmark
died Dec. 3, 1839, Copenhagen
 king of Denmark from 1808 to 1839 and of Norway from 1808 to 1814.

      The son of the mentally incompetent king Christian VII and Queen Caroline Matilda, Frederick was reared largely by his father's stepmother, the queen dowager Juliana Maria, who, with her son Prince Frederick and Ove Höegh-Guldberg, virtually ruled Denmark until 1784. In April of that year the Crown Prince brought about changes in the government that transferred the real power to him. Frederick supported reform measures to grant personal liberty and legal protection to the peasants and instituted several other social and economic reforms. Married in 1790 to Maria Sophia Frederica, daughter of the landgrave Charles of Hesse, Frederick acceded to the throne upon his father's death on March 13, 1808.

      After his accession he inclined more to personal rule, and the cabinet's influence decreased. Initially neutral in the Napoleonic Wars, Frederick supported Napoleon after the English bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807. An indifferent diplomat, he supported Napoleon too long and failed to take advantage of Sweden's difficulties in 1809. At the Peace of Kiel (January 1814), he had to cede Norway to Sweden and Heligoland to England. In the lean years following the Congress of Vienna, Frederick proved himself an energetic, responsible, and upright “father of his country.” Under the influence of the July Revolution of 1830 in France, Frederick, in 1834, set up four consultative provincial assemblies. This action marked the beginning of parliamentary life in Denmark.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Frederick II — • German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Frederick II     Frederick II …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Frederick I — may refer to:*Frederick I, Archbishop of Cologne (c. 1075 1171) * Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122 1190); Frederick Barbarossa * Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg) (c.1175 1198) * Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg) (1286 1330); Frederick the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Frederick II — may refer to: * Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194 ndash;1250, king 1211/12 ndash;1250, emperor since 1220) * Frederick II of Austria (? ndash;1246, duke of Austria 1230 ndash;1246) * Frederick III of Sicily (1272 ndash;1337), also called… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick1 [fred′rik, fred′ər ik] n. [Fr Frédéric < Ger Friedrich < OHG Fridurih < Gmc * frithu , peace (< fri , to love, protect + thu , substantive particle) + * rik , king, ruler (akin to L rex, Ger reich): see RIGHT] a masculine… …   English World dictionary

  • Frederick V — or Friedrich V may refer to: *Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg Ansbach (1460 1536), or Friedrich V, Margrave von Brandenburg Ansbach Bayreuth *Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596 1632), or Friedrich V von der Pfalz *Frederick V of Denmark… …   Wikipedia

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  • Frederick — hace referencia a: Frederick Delius, compositor inglés; Frederick Forsyth, escritor británico; Frederick Gowland Hopkins, bioquímico británico, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1929; Frederick Grant Banting, médico canadiense, premio Nobel de Medicina …   Wikipedia Español

  • FREDERICK I° — (1826–1907), grand duke of Baden, son in law of Kaiser William I, and uncle by marriage of Kaiser William II. Frederick ruled Baden from 1852 until his death and carried out many reforms in the school and voting system   based on liberal ideas… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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