Fox, Vicente


Fox, Vicente

▪ president of Mexico
in full  Vicente Fox Quesada  
born July 2, 1942, Mexico City, Mex.
 
 businessman and politician who was president of Mexico from 2000 to 2006. His term in office marked the end of 71 years of uninterrupted rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

      Fox, the second of nine children, was born to parents of Spanish and Irish descent and raised on a 1,100-acre (445-hectare) ranch in the state of Guanajuato. He earned a degree in business administration from the Ibero-American University in Mexico City and later became a route supervisor for the Mexican unit of the Coca-Cola Company. After a series of promotions, he served as the company's chief executive in Mexico (1975–79). In 1979 Coca-Cola offered Fox a promotion to become head of its Latin American operations, but, because this would have required him to live in the United States, he resigned and returned to Guanajuato.

      As Mexico's economy struggled in the 1980s, Fox became convinced that the country needed new leadership, and he turned to politics. He joined the National Action Party (PAN) in 1987 and the following year was elected to the national Chamber of Deputies. After losing a controversial gubernatorial election in Guanajuato in 1991, he ran again and was elected in 1995. In 2000 Fox ran for president on a platform that focused on ending government corruption and improving the economy. At the polls he easily defeated PRI candidate Francisco Labastida Ochoa, and on Dec. 1, 2000, he succeeded Ernesto Zedillo (Zedillo, Ernesto) as president of Mexico.

      Fox focused his early efforts on improving trade relations with the United States, calming civil unrest in such areas as Chiapas, and reducing corruption, crime, and drug trafficking. In 2001 his administration introduced constitutional reforms that strengthened the rights of Mexico's indigenous peoples. Although the measures were ratified by the necessary number of Mexican states, seven other states—including Chiapas, where more than half the indigenous population lives—rejected them. Advocates for indigenous rights objected to amendments that required indigenous peoples to act in accordance with the constitution and that reduced their autonomy in some spheres. Leaders of the Zapatista National Liberation Army in Chiapas—who had made constitutional reform a condition of their return to peace talks—also opposed the new law. In economic affairs, Fox's proposals, particularly his plans to increase taxes as part of sweeping reforms to stabilize the Mexican economy and banking system, met fierce resistance in the Mexican legislature, where the PAN lacked a majority.

      There was significant progress early in Fox's term toward bilateral cooperation with the United States on drug trafficking and illegal immigration, but the U.S. administration was skeptical of Fox's calls for open borders with the United States and for the protection of the rights of undocumented Mexican workers (Fox was later criticized for statements perceived as encouraging illegal immigration). At the same time, Fox's opponents faulted him for aligning Mexico too closely with the United States, a sentiment reflected in the vote of the Mexican Senate in 2002 to block a planned visit by Fox to the United States. The PAN's lack of a majority in the Mexican legislature hampered Fox's ability to secure enactment of his reform proposals. Although Fox's personal popularity remained high, there was disillusionment with the slow pace of reforms, and farmers staged widespread protests over the perceived failure of the Mexican government to address agricultural inequities caused by the North American Free Trade Agreement. As a result, in the 2003 legislative elections the PAN suffered major losses to the PRI, further eroding Fox's ability to push through his reforms. In 2004 Fox's wife, Martha Sahagún de Fox, briefly considered seeking the Mexican presidency (Fox was constitutionally ineligible for a second term), but her potential candidacy aroused considerable hostility in the public as well as among political leaders. In 2006 Fox left office, succeeded by Felipe Calderón (Calderón, Felipe) of the PAN.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fox, Vicente — (n. 1942) Político mexicano. Fue gobernador de Guanajuato en 1995 99. Candidato de la coalición Alianza por el Cambio, en 2000 venció en las elecciones presidenciales y puso fin a 70 años de hegemonía del PRI. (n. 1942) Político mexicano. En 2000 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fox, Vicente Quesada — born July 2, 1942, Mexico City, Mex. President of Mexico (2000– ) whose election ended 71 years of uninterrupted rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). After earning a degree in business administration from the Ibero American… …   Universalium

  • Fox, Vicente Quesada — (n. 2 jul. 1942, Ciudad de México, México). Presidente de México (2000–) cuya elección terminó con 71 años de gobierno ininterrumpido del Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI). Después de titularse como administrador de empresas en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vicente Fox Quesada — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Vicente Fox Quesada …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente Fox — Presidente de México …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente Fox — Mandats Président du Mexique 1er …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vicente Fox Quesada — Vicente Fox Vicente Fox Quesada Président de la République des États unis mexicains …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vicente Fox Quezada — Vicente Fox Vicente Fox Quesada Président de la République des États unis mexicains …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vicente Fox Quesada — Vicente Fox Vicente Fox Quesada [biˈsente fɔks keˈsaða] (* 2. Juli 1942 in León, Guanajuato) war von 2000 bis 2006 der Präsident von Mexiko. Im Juli 2000 wurde Fox nach einer aggressiven Wahlkampagne, die vor allem das private Leben seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vicente Fox — (Vicente Fox Quesada, [biˈsente fɔks keˈsaða]; * 2. Juli 1942 in Mexiko Stadt) ist ein mexikanischer Politiker. Von 2000 bis 2006 war er Präsident von Mexiko. Im Juli 2000 wurde Fox nach einer aggressiven W …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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