Fouqué, Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Baron


Fouqué, Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Baron

▪ German writer

born Feb. 12, 1777, Brandenburg
died Jan. 23, 1843, Berlin
 German novelist and playwright remembered chiefly as the author of the popular fairy tale Undine (1811).

      Fouqué was a descendant of French aristocrats, an eager reader of English and Scandinavian literature and Greek and Norse myths, and a military officer. He became a serious writer after he met scholar and critic August Wilhelm Schlegel. In his writings Fouqué expressed heroic ideals of chivalry designed to arouse a sense of German tradition and national character in his contemporaries during the Napoleonic era. His ideas, based on the view of linguistic development first conceived by the philosopher J.G. Fichte (Fichte, Johann Gottlieb), stressed the influence of the mother tongue in shaping the mind.

      A prolific writer, Fouqué gathered much of his material from Scandinavian sagas and myths. His dramatic trilogy, Der Held des Nordens (1808–10; “Hero of the North”), is the first modern dramatic treatment of the Nibelung story and a precedent for the later dramas of Friedrich Hebbel and the operas of Richard Wagner. His most lasting success, however, has been the story of Undine, a water sprite who marries the knight Hildebrand to acquire a soul and thus become human but who later loses this love to the treacheries of her uncle Kuhleborn and the lady Berthulda. Although Fouqué's works were at first enthusiastically received, after 1820 they rapidly passed out of fashion. Fouqué died in poverty after belated recognition by Frederick William IV.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué — en 1820. Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Barón Fouqué (Brandenburgo, 12 de febrero de 1777 – Berlín, 23 de enero de 1843), fue un escritor romántico alemán. Nacido en Brandeburgo, su abuelo había sido general de Federico el Grande. Pese a… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Friedrich Baron de la Motte Fouqué — Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué in Husarenuniform (Gemälde eines unbekannten Künstlers, um 1815) Friedrich Heinrich Karl Freiherr de la Motte Fouqué (Pseudonyme Pellegrin und A.L.T. Frank; * 12. Februar 1777 in Brandenburg a.d. Havel; † 23. Januar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Motte Fouqué —   [ mɔt fu ke], Friedrich Heinrich Karl Baron de la, Schriftsteller, Fouqué, Friedrich Heinrich Karl Baron de la Motte …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fouqué — (spr. fūkē), 1) Heinrich August, Freiherr de la Motte , preuß. General, geb. 4. April 1698 im Haag, gest. 3. Mai 1774 in Brandenburg, seit dem achten Jahre Page am Hof des Fürsten Leopold von Anhalt Dessau, machte mit diesem 1715 den Feldzug der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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