Fosbury, Dick

Fosbury, Dick

▪ American athlete
byname of  Richard Douglas Fosbury 
born March 6, 1947, Portland, Oregon, U.S.
 
 American high jumper (high jump) who revolutionized the sport by replacing the traditional approach to jumping with an innovative backward style that became known as the “Fosbury flop.”

      Fosbury found the straddle-roll jumping style complicated and did not perform well when he employed it during high school competition. He began to develop his backward flop style at age 16 and found it effective. When he began to compete for Oregon State University's track-and-field team, however, his coach discouraged his use of the unorthodox method. After trying unsuccessfully to return to the conventional jumping form, Fosbury reverted to his backward flop a year later.

      The “Fosbury flop”—which other high jumpers claimed to have developed independently of Fosbury—consists of a curved running approach, a modified scissor jump, and a back layout; the jumper lands on his lower neck and shoulders. This type of landing was initially facilitated by the introduction of padded mats, which were then replacing sand as a landing surface. Using the flop, Fosbury won the indoor and outdoor NCAA championships in 1968 and went on to qualify for the 1968 Olympic team.

      When Fosbury arrived at the Olympics in Mexico City, his technique was greeted with skepticism by coaches and competitors, but the audience was captivated by the novelty of his jumping style, and by the end of the first day of competition he had successfully cleared each height on the first attempt. The next day Fosbury changed his sport forever, jumping 2.24 metres (7 feet 4.25 inches) to break the world record and win the Olympic gold medal before an international television audience.

      Although Fosbury did not make the 1972 U.S. Olympic team, many of the world's leading high jumpers used his jumping method at the Games in Munich, West Germany. In the years that followed, Fosbury's technique became the event standard. In 1993 he was elected to the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • FOSBURY (DICK) — FOSBURY RICHARD dit DICK (1947 ) Un unique concours aura suffi au sauteur en hauteur américain Dick Fosbury pour marquer de son empreinte l’histoire de l’athlétisme: celui des jeux Olympiques de Mexico en 1968. S’il remporte l’épreuve en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dick Fosbury — Personal information Born March 6, 1947 (1947 03 06) (age 64) Portland, Oregon Height 1.95 m (6 ft 5 in) Weight 83 kg (180 lb; 13.1 st) …   Wikipedia

  • Fosbury-Flop — Hochsprung ist eine Disziplin in der Leichtathletik, bei der ein Athlet oder eine Athletin versucht, beim Sprung über eine Latte die größtmögliche Höhe zu erzielen. Die Latte ist vier Meter lang und so auf zwei Ständern gelagert, dass sie bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fosbury — Richard Douglas Dick Fosbury (* 6. März 1947 in Portland (Oregon)) ist ein amerikanischer Leichtathlet. Er revolutionierte den Hochsprung durch die von ihm kreierte Sprungtechnik, den Fosbury Flop, bei dem der Springer die Latte rücklings… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dick Fosbury — Informations Discipline(s) Saut en hauteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dick Fosbury — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Medallero Juegos Olímpicos Oro M …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fosbury — flop Sauteur utilisant le Fosbury flop Le Fosbury flop ou rouleau dorsal est une technique de saut en hauteur pour franchir une barre horizontale. Son nom provient de l athlète américain Dick Fosbury qui a démontré la meilleure efficacité de ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fosbury flop — Sauteur utilisant le Fosbury flop Le Fosbury flop ou rouleau dorsal est une technique de saut en hauteur pour franchir une barre horizontale. Son nom provient de l athlète américain Dick Fosbury qui a démontré la meilleure efficacité de ce saut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fosbury — (de «Dick Fosbury», atleta estadounidense) m. Dep. Estilo de salto de altura que consiste en saltar de espalda y con la cabeza por delante …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fosbury flop — high jumping technique, 1968, in ref. to U.S. athlete Dick Fosbury (b.1947), who used it to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal …   Etymology dictionary


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