Fortuny, Mariano


Fortuny, Mariano

▪ Spanish painter [1838-74]
in full  Mariano José María Bernardo Fortuny Y Marsal  
born June 11, 1838, Reus, Spain
died Nov. 21, 1874, Rome, Italy

      Spanish painter whose vigorous technique and anecdotal themes won him a considerable audience in the mid-19th century.

      After four years at the Academy of Barcelona, Fortuny in 1858 won the Prix de Rome, which enabled him to complete his studies at Rome. In 1859 he was chosen by provincial authorities to go to Morocco to paint the scenes of the war between Spain and the emperor of Morocco. He soon returned to Spain but spent all of his remaining years in Rome, except for a year in Paris (1869–70). In Paris he entered into business relations with the noted art dealer Goupil; their association brought him large sums for his paintings and an international reputation.

      Fortuny painted occasional large works, e.g., the huge “Battle of Tetuan,” based on an incident in the Moroccan campaign and a fine example of pictorial reportage, charged with action and energy. More characteristic, however, are his small genre paintings filled with fine detail, works that attempted to recapture the grace and charm of an imaginary 18th-century scene.

▪ Spanish-Italian multimedia artist [1871-1949]
in full  Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo  
born , May 11, 1871, Granada, Spain
died May 3, 1949, Venice, Italy

      painter, inventor, photographer, and fashion designer best known for his dress and textile designs.

      Fortuny was the son of a Spanish genre painter, Mariano Fortuny. His father died in 1874, and the boy was reared in Paris, where he studied painting with his uncle. In 1889 he moved with his mother to Venice, and he spent the rest of his life there. While painting he also became interested in photography and theatre set design. Influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement, he learned to control all aspects of his designs; for the theatre he created innovative lighting techniques, and he invented his own fabric dyes and fabrics, as well as machinery for printing cloth. He held more than 20 patents for his inventions.

      About 1907 Fortuny's dress designs, many of them inspired by ancient Greek garments such as the tunic and the peplos, became extremely popular among the wealthy. The silk dresses that he designed were perhaps most remarkable for their subtle colouring and for the freedom of movement that they allowed. Some of these dresses were simple in execution, while others of similar design had hundreds of tiny pleats that ran from neck to foot. Fortuny drew inspiration for his many textile designs in cotton and velvet from a number of international sources; they are characterized by rich, sensuous colouring. Numerous examples of his work can be found in his former home—now the Fortuny Museum—in Venice.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fortuny, Mariano — (1871 1949)    Born in Granada, Spain, Fortuny trained as a painter and set designer. In 1901, he opened a technical studio in Paris and is credited with the invention of indirect lighting. Later in the decade, Fortuny devoted himself to the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Fortuny, Mariano — ► (1838 74) Pintor español. Se especializó en cuadros de pequeño formato realizados con minuciosidad de miniaturista (La Vicaría, El coleccionista de estampas). En la última etapa de su vida, su obra paisajes y figuras realizadas al óleo o a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fortuny — Fortuny, Mariano …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo — Mariano Fortuny Mariano Fortuny en 1895. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mariano Fortuny (Modeschöpfer) — Mariano Fortuny Madrazo Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo (* 11. Mai 1871 in Granada; † 3. Mai 1949 in Venedig) war ein spanischer Universalkünstler; unter anderem Modedesigner, Maler, Bildhauer, Architekt, Innenarchitekt, Ingenieur und Erfinder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mariano Fortuny — Retrato de Mariano Fortuny en 1875, por Goupil et Cie París, Biblioteca Nacional de España …   Wikipedia Español

  • FORTUNY (M., 1871-1949) — FORTUNY MARIANO (1871 1949) Célèbre surtout à travers ses créations de tissus et de robes, Mariano Fortuny est aussi un technicien et un artisan qui a exercé ses talents dans des domaines divers: de la peinture et de la photographie à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • FORTUNY (M., 1838-1874) — FORTUNY MARIANO (1838 1874) Peintre, dessinateur et graveur, né à Reus en Catalogne. Orphelin très jeune, Mariano Fortuny y Marsal est élevé par son grand père, qui l’initie au modelage de figurines en terre cuite. Après quelques années d’études… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fortuny — Fortuny, Mariano, span. Maler, geb. 11. Juni 1839 zu Rëus in Katalonien, gest. 21. Okt. 1874 in Rom, studierte auf der Akademie zu Barcelona unter Claudio Lorenzalez, einem Schüler Overbecks. Einige Lithographien von Gavarni brachten ihn auf den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fortuny — Fortūny, Mariano, span. Maler und Radierer, geb. 11. Juni 1839 zu Rëus (Katalonien), gest. 21. Okt. 1874 zu Rom; Genrebilder in Öl und Aquarell: Ind. Schlangenzauberer, Modellwahl, Hochzeit in der Vicaria zu Madrid; auch Geschichtsbilder… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon