Flaherty, Robert


Flaherty, Robert

▪ American director
born Feb. 16, 1884, Iron Mountain, Mich., U.S.
died July 23, 1951, Dummerston, Vt.

      U.S. explorer and filmmaker, called the father of the documentary film.

      When he was a boy, Flaherty's family moved to Canada, and as he grew up he explored and photographed vast regions of the country's northern territory. His first film, Nanook of the North (1922), a dramatic interpretation of the Eskimo way of life, was based on 16 months of living with them and filming their lives. His film was an international success, and its subjective presentation of reality set a model of excellence for nonfiction filmmaking, foreshadowing the documentary movement of the 1930s. John Grierson (Grierson, John), the founder of the movement, first used the term documentary in a reference to Flaherty's film, Moana (1926), set in the South Seas, a record of a people untouched by the corruption of civilization.

      In the 1930s and '40s Flaherty's most famous films were Tabu (1931), codirected with the German director F.W. Murnau, Industrial Britain (1932), made with John Grierson, Man of Aran (1934), The Land (1942), and Louisiana Story (1948).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flaherty, Robert — • ФЛА ЭРТИ (Flaherty) Роберт (16.2.1884 23.7.1951)    амер. режиссёр. Учился в Мичиганском горном уч ще. С 1910 исследовал канад. Заполярье, производил картографич. съёмки. С кон. 10 х гг. снимал в Гудзоновом заливе эпизоды из жизни эскимосов,… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Flaherty, Robert —    см. Флаэрти, Роберт …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Flaherty,Robert Joseph — Fla·her·ty (flăʹər tē, fläʹ ), Robert Joseph. 1884 1951. American explorer and filmmaker whose works, including Nanook of the North (1922) and Moana (1926), were the first major documentaries. * * * …   Universalium

  • Flaherty, Robert (Joseph) — born Feb. 16, 1884, Iron Mountain, Mich., U.S. died July 23, 1951, Dummerston, Vt. U.S. filmmaker, considered the father of the documentary. He grew up in remote northern Canada and later led explorations of the area (1910–16). He lived with the… …   Universalium

  • Flaherty, Robert Joseph — ► (1884 1951) Director cinematográfico estadounidense. Creador del documental «escenificado», puede ser considerado el primer gran maestro del cinéma vérité. En 1934 su película Hombres de Arán fue premiada en el Festival de Venecia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Flaherty, Robert (Joseph) — (16 feb. 1884, Iron Mountain, Mich., EE.UU.–23 jul. 1951, Dummerston, Vt.). Cineasta estadounidense que es considerado el creador del cine documental. Se crió en el extremo norte de Canadá y entre 1910 y 1916 dirigió expediciones por la región.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert J. Flaherty — Robert Flaherty Robert Flaherty R. J. Flaherty réalisant un film, Port Harrison, QC, 1920 1921 Nom de naissance Robert Joseph Flaherty …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Joseph Flaherty — Robert Flaherty Robert Flaherty R. J. Flaherty réalisant un film, Port Harrison, QC, 1920 1921 Nom de naissance Robert Joseph Flaherty …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert J. Flaherty — Robert Joseph Flaherty (* 16. Februar 1884 in Iron Mountain, Michigan; † 23. Juli 1951 in Dummerston, Vermont) war ein Dokumentarfilmer, der unter anderem den ersten langen amerikanischen Dokumentarfilm Nanuk, der Eskimo (1922) drehte. Mit seinem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Flaherty — Robert Joseph Flaherty (* 16. Februar 1884 in Iron Mountain, Michigan; † 23. Juli 1951 in Dummerston, Vermont) war ein Dokumentarfilmer, der unter anderem den ersten langen amerikanischen Dokumentarfilm Nanuk, der Eskimo (1922) drehte. Mit seinem …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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