Field, John


Field, John

▪ British ballet dancer and director
byname of  John Greenfield  
born Oct. 22, 1921, Doncaster, Yorkshire, Eng.
died Aug. 3, 1991, Esher, Surrey

      British ballet dancer and director, long-time artistic director of the Royal Ballet's touring company (1956–70).

      Field studied dance in Liverpool and first appeared with the Liverpool Ballet Club at age 17. He became a soloist with the Sadler's Wells Ballet in 1939, joined the Royal Air Force in 1942, and returned to the company after World War II, becoming a principal dancer. He danced many leading roles and partnered most of the company's ballerinas, most notably Beryl Grey, Svetlana Beriosova, and Margot Fonteyn.

      Field retired from dancing in 1956 to take charge of the second company of Sadler's Wells, which became the Royal Ballet a few months later. He became assistant director in 1957, continuing to guide the second company when it concentrated on touring. When Sir Frederick Ashton retired (1970) as director of the Royal Ballet, Field and Kenneth MacMillan (MacMillan, Sir Kenneth) were appointed codirectors. This arrangement, however, proved unsuitable to Field, who left a few months later. He was director of ballet at La Scala in Milan (1971–74), artistic director (1975–79) and director (1976–79) of the Royal Academy of Dancing in London, and artistic director (1979–81) and director (1982–84) of the London Festival Ballet (now the English National Ballet). He was codirector (with his wife, former dancer Anne Heaton) of the British Ballet Organisation from 1984 until a month before his death in 1991.

▪ Irish composer

born July 26, 1782, Dublin
died Jan. 23, 1837, Moscow
 Irish pianist and composer, whose nocturnes for piano were among models used by Chopin.

      Field first studied music at home with his father and grandfather and afterward in London with Muzio Clementi (Clementi, Muzio), under whose tuition, given in return for Field's services as a piano demonstrator and salesman, the boy made rapid progress. In 1802 Clementi took Field to Paris and later to Germany and Russia. Field quickly secured recognition as a pianist and composer and in 1803 settled in Russia, becoming for a time a popular and fashionable teacher. He played extensively throughout Europe during the next 30 years and had great success with one of his E flat piano concerti at a Philharmonic Society concert in London in 1832. He is credited with being one of the earliest to develop the use of the sustaining pedal, both in the prescription of it for his music and in his own performance.

      Field was one of the earliest of the purely piano virtuosos, and his style and technique strikingly anticipated those of Chopin. As a composer he was at his best in shorter pieces, where his expressive melodies and his imaginative harmonies, often chromatic, are not exposed to the strain of long development. Field wrote seven piano concerti and four sonatas, in which high quality is often apparent but not consistently maintained. In the nocturnes, more concise and intimate than his larger works, Field's music is distinguished in style and varied in mood.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Field, John — Field, John, John, einer von den wenigen großen Virtuosen und Componisten Englands, und wie Müller von ihm sagt: »ein singuläres Genie, bis gegen den Anstand ungenirt.« Geboren 1780 verdankte er seine musikalische Ausbildung Clementi, unter… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Field, John — (1545–88)    Polemicist.    Field was educated at the University of Oxford. After ordination, he became known as a leading Puritan in London. After being barred from preaching, he produced an Admonition to Parliament with Thomas Wilcox. In this… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • John Field — um 1835 John Field (* 26. Juli 1782 in Dublin; † 23. Januar 1837 in Moskau) war ein irischer Komponist und Pianist. Er gilt als der Erfinder des Nocturnes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Field — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John et Field. John Field est un pianiste et compositeur irlandais, né à Dublin le 26 juillet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Field — John Field. John Field (Dublín, 26 de julio de 1782 Moscú, 23 de enero de 1837) fue un compositor y pianista irlandés, conocido por ser el primer compositor que diera el nombre de nocturnos a éstos y considerado el padre del nocturno rómantico.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Laffin — (21 Sep 1922 2002) was an Australian military historian. Early influencesLaffin was born in Mosman in Sydney. His interest in matters military may have come from the fact that both his parents served in World War I.According to biographical… …   Wikipedia

  • John I, Duke of Lorraine — John I (February 1346 ndash; September 23 1390, Paris) was the duke of Lorraine from 1346 to his death. As an infant of six months, he succeeded his father, Rudolph, who was killed in the Battle of Crécy. His mother was Mary, daughter of Guy I of …   Wikipedia

  • Field — Field, John, geb. 1782 in Dublin, Klaviervirtuos, Schüler von Clementi, welcher ihn mit auf seine Kunstreisen durch Frankreich, Deutschland u. Rußland nahm. Als Clementi in Petersburg abreiste, blieb F. dort u. machte mit seinen Concerten… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Field [2] — Field, John, engl. Klaviervirtuos und Komponist, geb. 26. Juli 1782 zu Dublin, Schüler Clementis, lebte seit 1802 in Rußland, gest. 11. Jan. 1837 zu Moskau; bes. berühmt durch seine Notturnos …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Field — Field, John, geb. 1782 zu Dublin, gest. 1837 in Moskau, Claviervirtuos, componirte Exercices, Variationen auf engl. u. russ. Volkslieder, 16 Nocturnen und 7 Concerte …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.