Farman, Henri


Farman, Henri

▪ French pioneer aviator and airplane manufacturer
born 1874, Paris, France
died July 18, 1958, Paris
 French aviation pioneer and aircraft builder who popularized the use of ailerons (aileron), moveable surfaces on the trailing edge of a wing that provide a means of lateral control.

      Farman, the son of British citizens living in France, was first a painter, then a racing motorist. With his brother, Maurice Farman (Farman, Maurice), he modified a Voisin pusher biplane, now known as the Voisin-Farman I, and in January 1908 won an important prize for the first circular flight of 1 km (0.6 mile). In 1909 he set a world record for endurance with a flight of 234.3 km (145.59 miles) in the Farman III. In 1912 the Farman brothers established a factory at Boulogne-sur-Seine, where they produced classic pusher biplanes for military and training purposes. The 1914 model was widely employed for reconnaissance and observation.

      The Farman company remained an important manufacturer of aircraft following World War I. Farman Airlines used their Goliath aircraft in the first flight between European capitals, from London to Paris on Feb. 8, 1919, and then in the first regular international commercial flights, between Paris and Brussels, beginning on March 22, 1919. Farman became a French citizen in 1937.

Tom D. Crouch
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henri Farman — Retrato de Henri Farman Nacimiento 36 de mayo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Farman III — Louis Paulhan sur un Farman III au décollage Rôle Prototype Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Farman F.60 — Goliath Vue de l avion Type court courrier Motorisation Moteur 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FARMAN (H.) — FARMAN HENRI (1874 1958) Aviateur et industriel français, né et mort à Paris. Le premier avion de Farman est commandé, en 1907, aux frères Voisin, nouvellement installés à Billancourt: biplan avec moteur Antoinette et gouvernail de direction à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Farman — (Henri) (1874 1958) et son frère Maurice (1877 1964), aviateurs et constructeurs d avions français, d origine brit. Henri effectua le prem. vol avec passager (1908) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henri Farman — Métadonnées personne NOM Henri Farman NOMS ALTERNATIFS COURTE DESCRIPTION aviateur et constructeur d avions français DATE DE NAISSANCE 26 mai 1874 LIE …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Farman F.50 — Vue de l’avion Co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Farman MF.11 — Vue de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Farman MF.7 — Vue de l’avion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Farman III — ▪ biplane  aircraft designed, built, and first flown by the French aviator Henri Farman (Farman, Henri) in 1909. (See also history of flight (flight, history of).)       In the early spring of 1909, Farman, the son of English parents living in… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.