Evans, Sir Arthur

Evans, Sir Arthur

▪ British archaeologist
born , July 8, 1851, Nash Mills, Hertfordshire, Eng.
died July 11, 1941, Youlbury, near Oxford, Oxfordshire
 British archaeologist who excavated the ruins of the ancient city of Knossos in Crete and uncovered evidence of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization, which he named Minoan (Minoan civilization); his work was one of archaeology's major achievements and greatly advanced the study of European and eastern Mediterranean prehistory.

      A distinguished scholar, Evans was curator of the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, from 1884 to 1908 and became extraordinary professor of prehistoric archaeology at Oxford in 1909. His interest in ancient coins and the writing on stone seals from Crete lured him to the island for the first time in 1894. The following year he published Cretan Pictographs and Prae-Phoenician Script. During an address in 1896 he suggested that the Mycenaean civilization of the Greek mainland had its origins in Crete. Three years later he purchased a tract of land that included the site of Knossos, and after a year's digging he had unearthed palace ruins covering 5 1/2 acres (2.2 hectares). The size and splendour of the findings indicated that Knossos had been an ancient cultural capital. The complex ground plan of the palace suggested the labyrinth associated with the legendary King Minos, prompting Evans to name the civilization Minoan.

      Over the course of the next 25 years Evans pursued his investigations. Digging below the Bronze Age ruins, he came upon remains of a Neolithic civilization, thus helping to place Mycenae in historical perspective. His discovery of Egyptian artifacts dating from known historical periods helped him establish the periods of Minoan civilization. Later estimates, however, differ from his.

      Knossos also yielded some 3,000 clay tablets bearing one form of Minoan writing, the Linear B script. Evans hoped to decipher this as well as the other forms, the Linear A and the pictorial; he failed, but a lecture he delivered in 1936 inspired Michael Ventris (Ventris, Michael) to work on the script. (Ventris later presented evidence that Linear B was a form of Greek, and his proposal was widely accepted.) Evans dealt with all three forms in Scripta Minoa (vol. 1, 1909; vol. 2, ed. by J.L. Myres, 1952). The Palace of Minos, 4 vol. (1921–36), was his own definitive treatment of his work. Evans received many honours for his discoveries and was knighted in 1911.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Evans,Sir Arthur John — Ev·ans (ĕvʹənz), Sir Arthur John. 1851 1941. British archaeologist who unearthed in Crete remnants of a Bronze Age civilization that he named Minoan, after the legendary King Minos. * * * …   Universalium

  • Evans, Sir Arthur (John) — born July 8, 1851, Nash Mills, Hertfordshire, Eng. died July 11, 1941, Youlbury, near Oxford, Oxfordshire British archaeologist. Son of the archaeologist Sir John Evans, he served as a curator (1884–1908) at Oxford s Ashmolean Museum. Beginning… …   Universalium

  • Evans, Sir Arthur (John) — (8 jul. 1851, Nash Mills, Hertfordshire, Inglaterra–11 jul. 1941, Youlbury, cerca de Oxford, Oxfordshire). Arqueólogo británico. Hijo del arqueólogo Sir John Evans, fue conservador (1884–1908) del Ashmolean Museum de Oxford. A partir de 1899… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Evans, Sir John — ▪ British antiquarian and archaeologist born Nov. 17, 1823, Burnham, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died May 31, 1908, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire       British antiquarian, numismatist, and a founder of prehistoric archaeology.       A partner in a paper… …   Universalium

  • Sir Arthur John Evans — noun British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851 1941) • Syn: ↑Evans, ↑Arthur Evans • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archeologist, ↑archaeologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Arthur Evans — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arthur Evans Sir Arthur John Evans (Nash Mills, 8 de julio de 1851 – Boar Hill, 11 de julio de 1941), arqueólogo británico, descubridor del Palacio de Cnosos. Fue hijo del también arqueólogo Sir J …   Wikipedia Español

  • Evans — Evans, Arthur John Evans, Herbert * * * (as used in expressions) Mary Ann Evans Marian Evans Evans, Bill William John Evans Evans, Dame Edith (Mary) Evans, Frederick H(enry) Evans, George Henry Evans, Maurice (Herbert) Evans, Oliver Evans, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arthur Evans — Arthur John Evans Pour les articles homonymes, voir Evans. Sculpture d Arthur John Evans Sir Arthur John Evans (8 juillet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EVANS (A. J.) — EVANS sir ARTHUR JOHN (1851 1941) Fils d’un célèbre archéologue anglais et archéologue lui même, Arthur John Evans se consacre d’abord à des recherches archéologiques en Laponie et dans les Balkans. Expulsé par les Autrichiens, en 1882, à cause… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

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