Engadin


Engadin

(German), French  Engadine , Italian  Engadina , Romansh  Engiadina 

      Swiss portion of the upper Inn (Romansh En) River valley, in Graubünden canton, extending about 60 mi (100 km) from the Inn's source near the Maloja Pass (5,955 ft [1,815 m]) northeast to Finstermünz (3,621 ft), near the Austrian border. It is bounded on the south by the Bernina Alps and on the north by the Albula and Silvretta groups. The valley is divided both administratively and geographically (at the Zernez Gorge) into Upper and Lower Engadin.

      There are traces of Bronze Age settlement in the valley. As part of the Roman province of Raetia, it was thoroughly Romanized. During the 4th and 5th centuries territorial sovereignty passed to the bishops of Chur (Coire). The bishop later became a prince of the Holy Roman Empire and allied himself with the Habsburgs (Habsburg, House of). Lower Engadin, not entirely an ecclesiastical domain, was in the 8th century assigned by Charlemagne to the counts of Toggenburg and was absorbed into what came to be known as the county of Tirol, which passed to the Habsburgs in 1363. The Raetian leagues were formed and joined with the Gotteshausbund in 1471 to curtail the power of the Habsburgs. Lower Engadin officially achieved independence with the defeat of the Habsburgs in the battle at Calven Gorge in 1499, but this was not secured until 1652. The Engadin was included in Raetia canton of the Helvetic Republic (1801–03) and in Graubünden canton after 1803.

      Because of high elevation the scenery of the Upper Engadin is stark, with no tillage; firs and larches flourish, and the Alpine flora is rich and varied. The chief resources are hay meadows, pastures, and forests. In Lower Engadin tillage is more varied, and grain is grown. There are important reserves of waterpower. Tourism is a major industry. The mineral spring of Sankt Moritz has been famous for centuries, and the Upper Engadin, including the villages of Sils-Maria (with the Friedrich Nietzsche house) and Pontresina, became fashionable in the 19th century as an “air cure” and winter-sports centre. Lower Engadin has two major tourist attractions: the mineral springs of Scuol, below Tarasp, and the Swiss National Park, a wildlife sanctuary.

      Because Tarasp remained in the hands of the Habsburgs until 1803, its inhabitants adhered to Roman Catholicism. Easier communications with the Tirol caused Samnaun to adopt Catholicism and German speech. The upper Spöl Valley (Livigno) is Italian speaking. The population is primarily, however, Protestant and Romansh speaking.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Engădin — Engădin, Thal. im Schweizercanton Graubündten, vom Inn durchströmt u. von den Quellen dieses Flusses am Malojapasse bis zur Tyroler Grenze bei Finstermünz sich etwa 9 Meilen weit erstreckend. Die Thalsohle liegt am Malojapasse 5710 Fuß, an der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Engadin — (rätoroman. Engiadina, Engadina), Bergtal im schweizer Kanton Graubünden, eins der höchstgelegenen bewohnten Täler Europas, von mehr als 80 km Länge, bildet die obere Talstufe des Inn und zerfällt in zwei völlig verschiedene Hälften: das Ober und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Engadin — Engadīn, Hochtal im schweiz. Kanton Graubünden, vom Inn durchflossen, 91 km lg., scheidet sich in das 39 km lange Ober E. vom Majolapaß (1811 m) bis zum Punt Ota bei Samaden (1728 m), mit den Orten Maloja, Sils, Silvaplana, St. Moritz, Samaden,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Engadin — Engadin, das Innthal in Graubünden von der Maloya bis Finstermünz, 18 Stunden lang, überall durch Hochgebirge von den Thälern des Rhein und Pogebietes abgeschlossen (Pässe: Albula, Bernina, Septimer, Julier, Maloya etc.), das hochgelegenste… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Engadin — See also: Engadine (disambiguation) The lakes of the Upper Engadin and the town of St. Moritz The Engadin or Engadine (German: Engadin, Italian: Engadina, Romansh: Engiadina; tr: garden of the Inn) is a long valley in the Swiss Alps located in… …   Wikipedia

  • Engadin — Oberengadin, Blick von unterhalb des Bergeller Gipfels Motta Salacina nach Nordosten Richtung Sils, im Vordergrund Maloja Das Engadin (rätoroman. Engiadina, ital. Engadina, abgeleitet vom rätorom. Namen des Flusses Inn: En) ist ein Hochtal im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Engadin — En|ga|din [ ɛŋgadi:n , auch, schweiz. nur: … di:n ], das; s: Talschaft des Inns in der Schweiz. * * * Ẹngadin   [auch diːn], bündnerromanisch Engiadina [endʒja ], Hochtal im Kanton Graubünden, Schweiz, zwischen den nördlichen Rätischen Alpen und …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Engadin — Sp Eñgadinas Ap Engadin L Retijos Alpių slėnis Šveicarijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Engadin — ted. Engadina …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Engadin — Ẹn|ga|din [auch, schweizerisch nur ... di:n ], das; s (Talschaft des Inns in der Schweiz) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung