Ellenborough, Edward Law, earl of, Viscount Southam of Southam, Baron Ellenborough of Ellenborough


Ellenborough, Edward Law, earl of, Viscount Southam of Southam, Baron Ellenborough of Ellenborough

▪ British governor of India
born Sept. 8, 1790, London, Eng.
died Dec. 22, 1871, Southam Delabere, Gloucestershire
 British governor-general of India (1842–44), who also served four times as president of the Board of Control for India and was first lord of the British Admiralty. He was recalled from India for being out of control and later resigned another office under pressure.

      Educated at Eton and at St. John's College, Cambridge, he entered the House of Commons in 1813 and the House of Lords as a baron following his father's death in 1818. He served as lord privy seal in 1828 and was president of the Board of Control for India in 1828–30 and for brief periods in 1834–35 and 1841. In the latter year Ellenborough was appointed governor-general of India. He had opposed since 1839 the costly intervention in Afghanistan, and after the First Afghan War he decided to make the Indus River his frontier, retaining only those strongpoints upon it which ensured free navigation. However, rash opportunism led him to acquiesce in actions of Sir Charles James Napier (Napier, Sir Charles James), his governor in Sindh (Sind), which drove the Sindhi emirs (rulers) into war and defeat (1843).

      Ellenborough then pursued his plans to promote trade by ending tolls and duties throughout Sindh and Bahawalpur (both now in Pakistan), the North-Western Provinces, Madras (now Chennai), and Bombay ( Mumbai). But a war with Gwalior in December 1843, designed to keep its large army out of hostile hands, frustrated these plans, and the directors, exasperated by Ellenborough's arrogant self-will, resolved in April 1844 to recall him. On his return he was created an earl and viscount.

      Ellenborough served under Sir Robert Peel as first lord of the Admiralty in 1846 and under Lord Derby at the Board of Control in 1858. There he drafted the new plan for the government of India, which the Indian Mutiny (1857–58) had rendered necessary, but, by making public a caustic dispatch censuring Lord Canning's Oudh proclamation, which Ellenborough thought betrayed a desire for indiscriminate vengeance, he roused such opposition that he chose to resign. He never held office again.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edward Law, 1. Earl of Ellenborough — GCB PC (* 8. September 1790; † 22. Dezember 1871) war ein britischer Politiker.[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baron Ellenborough — Edward Law, 1. Earl of Ellenborough Baron Ellenborough, of Ellenborough in the County of Cumberland, ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel in der Peerage of the United Kingdom, der von der Familie Law geführt wird. Inhaltsverzeichn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baron Ellenborough — Baron Ellenborough, of Ellenborough in the County of Cumberland, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1802 for the lawyer, judge and politician Sir Edward Law. He was Lord Chief Justice of the King s Bench from 1802… …   Wikipedia

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Afghanistan — /af gan euh stan /, n. a republic in central Asia, NW of India and E of Iran. 23,738,085; 250,000 sq. mi. (647,500 sq. km). Cap.: Kabul. * * * Afghanistan Introduction Afghanistan Background: Afghanistan s recent history is characterized by war… …   Universalium

  • Napier, Sir Charles James — ▪ British general and colonial governor born August 10, 1782, London, England died August 29, 1853, Portsmouth, Hampshire       British general, who conquered (1843) Sind (Sindh) (now in Pakistan) and served as its governor (1843–47).… …   Universalium

  • Miāni, Battle of — ▪ Sind British conflict       (February 17, 1843), engagement between a British force of about 2,800 troops under Sir Charles Napier (Napier, Sir Charles James) and a host of more than 20,000 followers of the amirs (chiefs) of Sindh ending in a… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.